On This Day

1805 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 15 Harmony Society is officially formed.
  • Mar 3 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Apr 7 Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Mandan (on the Missouri River near what is now Washburn, North Dakota), beginning their journey to the Pacific Ocean

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
  • Apr 27 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • May 4 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in the Bronx
  • May 26 Lewis and Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains

CrownRoyal Coronation

May 26 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jun 4 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • Jun 5 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • Jun 10 First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States
  • Jun 21 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • Jun 30 Michigan Territory organizes
  • Jul 8 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • Jul 26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • Sep 4 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published
  • Sep 30 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine

  • Oct 14 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

  • Oct 23 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Nov 7 Lewis and Clark Expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • Nov 11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • Nov 16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • Nov 18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • Nov 19 Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
  • Nov 26 Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, carrying the Llangollen canal 126 feet above the River Dee
  • Dec 2 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
  • Dec 9 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • Dec 26 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • Dec 26 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • Dec 31 End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 John Bigler, American politician, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1871)
  • Jan 8 Orson Hyde, American religious leader, born in Oxford, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • Jan 13 Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • Jan 27 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • Jan 27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • Jan 27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • Feb 1 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • Feb 3 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussian conservative statesman and Minister-President of the Kingdom of Prussia (1850-88), born in Lübben (Spreewald), Electorate of Saxony (d. 1882)
  • Feb 4 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Old St Paul's, Rookwood)
  • Feb 13 David Dudley Field II, American lawyer, law codifier, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1894)
  • Feb 13 Peter G L Dirichlet, German number theorist/analysist
  • Feb 18 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • Feb 20 Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer
  • Feb 21 David Tod, US diplomat/(Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63)
  • Mar 3 Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • Mar 16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)

Person of interestHans Christian Andersen

Apr 2 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1875)

  • Apr 7 Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), (d. 1869)
  • Apr 30 William Kerley Strong, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867)
  • Jun 14 Robert Anderson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1871)
  • Jun 15 William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
  • Jun 21 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • Jun 22 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • Jun 29 Hiram Powers, American sculptor (Greek Slave), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1873)
  • Jul 5 Robert FitzRoy, British naval officer and scientist, born in Ampton, Suffolk, England (d. 1865)
  • Jul 26 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • Jul 29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • Aug 4 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • Aug 8 Antoon Jurgens, Dutch margarine manufacturer
  • Aug 9 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer, born in Attercliffe, Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1860)
  • Aug 11 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, Dutch judge/member of parliament
  • Aug 18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • Aug 23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • Aug 29 Frederick Denison Maurice, English Anglican theologian (Christian Socialism), born in Normanston, England (d. 1872)
  • Aug 29 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England, born in Normanston, Suffolk, England (d. 1872)
  • Aug 30 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1869)
  • Sep 2 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
  • Sep 6 Horatio Greenough, American neo-classical sculptor and writer (Form & Function), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1852)
  • Sep 7 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • Sep 18 Robert Cowdin, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jamaica, Vermont (d. 1874)
  • Sep 23 Matthew Adams Stickney, Rowley Mass, numismatist
  • Sep 27 George Müller, Prussian Christian evangelist and orphanage builder, born in Kroppenstedt, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1898)
  • Sep 30 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • Oct 23 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • Oct 23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • Nov 7 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor, born in Buerton, Cheshire, England (d. 1870)
  • Nov 19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • Nov 22 Benjamin Huger, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1877)
  • Nov 28 John Stephens, American explorer and archaeologist (pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America), born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey (d. 1852)
  • Dec 1 Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama, born near Dan Chokhor Monastery (d. 1815)
  • Dec 6 Adolf Reubke, German organ builder, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1875)

Person of interestJean Eugène Robert-Houdin

Dec 6 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France (d. 1861)

  • Dec 10 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

Dec 10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • Dec 10 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)
  • Dec 12 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1878)
  • Dec 21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • Dec 22 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom (d. 1893)

Person of interestJoseph Smith

Dec 23 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Sharon, Vermont (d. 1844)

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • Dec 31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 3 Lady Caroline Ponsonby (19) marries future Prime Minister William Lamb, Lord Melbourne (26) in London

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • Jan 17 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, dies at 73
  • Jan 23 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • Feb 25 Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)
  • Mar 4 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at 79
  • Mar 14 Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)
  • Apr 26 Jean-Baptiste-Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison, French classical scholar (Anecdota Graeca), dies at 55

Person of interestWilliam Petty

May 7 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), dies at 68

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • May 9 Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, German poet & playwright, dies at 45
  • May 16 Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer, dies at 68
  • May 25 William Paley, English philosopher and theologian (Natural Theology), dies at 61
  • Jun 19 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • Jul 9 Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian, dies at 76
  • Jul 31 Dheera Chinnamalai, Indian Polygar (governor) and freedom fighter, executed by the British at 49
  • Aug 3 Christopher Anstey, English poet (The New Bath Guide), dies at 80
  • Aug 28 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83

Person of interestCharles Cornwallis

Oct 5 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis

Person of interestHoratio Nelson

Oct 21 Horatio Nelson, British admiral and war hero, dies in Battle of Trafalgar at 47

  • Nov 6 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), dies at 87
  • Nov 8 Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
  • Dec 23 Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • Dec 27 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65