On This Day

1806 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 8 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Lewis and Clark find skeleton of 105' blue whale in Oregon

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

  • Jan 10 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • Jan 12 French evacuate Vienna
  • Jan 19 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • Jan 30 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • Jan 30 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 11 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Mar 29 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway
  • Apr 5 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Future US President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson accused Jackson's wife of bigamy

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jun 5 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
  • Jun 24 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires
  • Jun 27 Buenos Aires captured by British
  • Jul 3 Michael Keens exhibits 1st large-scale cultivated strawberry—a large fruit strawberry, called the Keen Seedling

  • Jul 10 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
  • Jul 15 Zebulon Pike begins his journey to explore the American Southwest
  • Aug 6 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • Sep 2 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switzerland, kills 500

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 Lewis and Clark return to St Louis from Pacific Northwest

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
  • Oct 7 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • Oct 8 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • Oct 9 Prussia declares war on France
  • Oct 14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • Oct 17 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated
  • Oct 27 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • Nov 15 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Government, publishes 1st issue
  • Nov 15 Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak in Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 André Henri Constant van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium), born in Maastricht, Meuse-Inférieure (d. 1874)
  • Jan 14 Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy), born in Spotsylvania County, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • Jan 14 Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria, born in Dennington, United Kingdom (d. 1855)
  • Jan 17 James Madison Randolph, Jefferson's grandson and the 1st to be born in the White House, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 20 Nathaniel Parker Willis, American writer, editor and founder of the American Monthly Magazine, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1867)
  • Jan 25 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter, born in Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1870)
  • Feb 14 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • Feb 22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

Mar 6 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet ("Sonnets from the Portuguese"), born in Kelloe, Durham (d. 1861)

  • Mar 12 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1863)
  • Mar 17 Norbert Rillieux, American chemical engineer and inventor (sugar refiner), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1894)
  • Mar 21 Benito Pablo Juarez, president of Mexico (1858-72), born in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • Mar 28 Ludolph Anne Jan Wilt Sloet van de Beele, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1861-66), born in Voorst, Batavian Republic (d. 1890)
  • Mar 28 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, born in England (d. 1891)
  • Apr 2 Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal and assistant secretary of state of Pius IX, born in Sonnino, Italy (d. 1876)
  • Apr 3 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)

Person of interestIsambard Kingdom Brunel

Apr 9 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1859)

  • Apr 10 Leonidas Polk, Lt. Gen. (Confederate Army), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • Apr 21 Peter van Schendel, Dutch-Belgian painter (Monsieur Chandelle), born in Terheijden, Netherlands (d. 1870)
  • Apr 27 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1878)
  • Apr 29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • May 6 Chapin A. Harris, American dentist who founded the America Society of Dental Surgeons, born in Pompey, New York (d. 1860)
  • May 12 Amos Beebe Eaton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Catskill, New York (d. 1877)
  • May 12 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1881)
  • May 16 George C. Cadwalader, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)

Person of interestJohn Stuart Mill

May 20 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London (d. 1873)

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • May 26 Henry Thatcher, American rear admiral (U.S. Navy), born in Thomaston, Maine (d. 1880)
  • Jun 1 John B Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, born in Blacksburg, Virginia (d. 1863)
  • Jun 8 Gideon Johnson Pillow, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Williamson County, Tennessee (d. 1878)
  • Jun 12 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), born in Mühlhausen, Germany (d. 1869)
  • Jun 13 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch poet (Herbert and Clara) and church historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1880)
  • Jun 16 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • Jul 7 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education
  • Jul 20 John Sterling, Scottish writer, born in Isle of Bute, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • Sep 5 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, born in Nantes, France (d. 1865)
  • Sep 11 Joshua Blackwood Howell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Woodbury, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • Sep 12 Andrew Hull Foote, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1863)
  • Sep 13 Joseph L. Hogg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Morgan County, Georgia (d. 1862)
  • Oct 3 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), born in Wells, Vermont (d. 1850)
  • Oct 11 Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia (1842-58), born in Topola, Serbia (d. 1885)
  • Oct 14 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (1857-63), born in Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1865)
  • Oct 16 William Pitt Fessenden, Secy Treas (Union), (d. 1869)
  • Oct 18 John Breckinridge Grayson, Brig Genl (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Oct 25 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • Oct 28 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • Nov 24 Omar Pasha [Michael Lats], Croatian governor/viceroy of Bosnia/Iraq
  • Dec 3 Henry A. Wise, American lawyer and politician (33rd Governor of Virginia), born in Drummondtown, Virginia (d. 1876)
  • Dec 9 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote, born in Lachine, Canada (d. 1838)
  • Dec 12 Stand Watie, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Calhoun, Georgia (d. 1871)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 12 Frontiersman Davy Crockett (20) weds Polly Finley in Tennessee

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 14 German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Deaths in History


Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Younger

Jan 23 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Feb 19 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), dies at 88
  • Feb 20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • Feb 24 John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist (Society for General Use), dies at 81
  • Mar 3 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, dies at 61
  • Mar 17 David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies
  • Apr 9 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, dies at 58

Person of interestHoratio Gates

Apr 10 Horatio Gates, British-American soldier (general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War), dies at 78

Military Leader Horatio Gates
Military Leader
Horatio Gates
  • Apr 13 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at ~82
  • Apr 22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral, killed at 42
  • May 8 Robert Morris, English-born merchant and American Founding Father (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 72
  • May 21 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, dies at 21
  • May 24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • Jun 8 George Wythe, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at about 79
  • Jun 23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French zoologist and naturalist (Ornithologie), dies at 83
  • Jul 10 George Stubbs, British animal painter (Horse Frightened by Lion), dies at 81
  • Jul 11 James Smith, Irish/US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • Aug 22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), dies at 74
  • Aug 23 Charles Augustin de Coulomb, Fren physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • Sep 8 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, Irish showman, first known eight-foot-tall person (stood 8ft 1 inch), dies at 46
  • Sep 9 William Paterson, American jurist and statesman (b. 1745)
  • Sep 10 Johann C Adelung, German translator/librarian, dies at 74
  • Sep 13 Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • Sep 20 Utamaro Kitagawa, painter, dies

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

Oct 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Oct 17 Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
  • Oct 25 Henry Knox, American general (Continental Army and later the United States Army), dies at 56
  • Oct 26 John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • Oct 28 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • Oct 31 Sophie Mereau, German writer, dies at 36
  • Nov 12 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, dies at 73
  • Nov 16 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • Nov 23 Roger Newdigate, British politician (sat in the House of Commons 1742-80), dies at 87
  • Dec 14 John Breckinridge, American lawyer (5th United States Attorney General) & politician (U.S. Senator from Kentucky), dies at 46
  • Dec 22 William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)