1807 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • Jan 12 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 28 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight
  • Feb 3 A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo in the Battle of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay (Napoleonic Wars)
  • Feb 8 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious
  • Feb 9 The Grand Sanhedrin (Jewish high court) is convened by Napoleon Bonaparte to give legal sanction to the principles in the Assembly of Notables
  • Feb 10 US Coast Survey authorized by Congress
  • Feb 19 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 US Vice President Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 24 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England
  • Mar 2 US Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland becomes British Prime Minister for the second time after the fall of William Grenville's Whig government

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Mar 25 First fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, Wales
  • Mar 25 British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; penalty of £120 per slave introduced for ship captains

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 George Canning becomes British Foreign Secretary

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • May 22 Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia (acquitted)
  • May 22 Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks in Philadelphia
  • Jun 14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition
  • Jun 19 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • Jun 22 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • Jun 26 Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • Jun 28 British troops land at Ensenada, Argentina
  • Jul 5 Second Battle of Buenos Aires lost by invading British forces
  • Jul 7 First Treaty of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I of France, and Alexander I of Russia
  • Jul 9 Second Treaty of Tilsit signed by France, Russia and Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont begins first trip up Hudson River

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Sep 1 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
  • Sep 2 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • Sep 4 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat
  • Sep 14 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 11 Washington Irving's Salmagundi periodical published - first to associate the name "Gotham" with New York City

  • Nov 27 The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
  • Dec 17 France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 22 US Congress passes Embargo Act and President Thomas Jefferson signs into law. Prohibits American ships from trading in foreign ports, as result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Joseph Holt, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • Jan 6 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)
  • Jan 11 Alfred Eugene "Mudwall" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 11 Ezra Cornell, founder (Western Union Telegraph, Cornell University)
  • Jan 12 Jan T Beelen, Dutch/Belgian bible expert
  • Jan 13 Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1883)
  • Jan 16 Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)

Person of interestRobert E. Lee

Jan 19 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 1 William Bowen Campbell, American politician and Civil War Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Sumner County, Tennessee (d. 1867)

Person of interestJoseph E. Johnston

Feb 3 Joseph E. Johnston, American military officer (senior officer in Confederate Army and United States Army), born in Farmville, Virginia (d. 1891)

American Military Officer Joseph E. Johnston
American Military Officer
Joseph E. Johnston
  • Feb 8 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman
  • Feb 8 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)
  • Feb 10 Abner Clark Harding, American politician and Civil War Brigadier General (Union Army), born in East Hampton, Connecticut (d. 1874)
  • Feb 13 Bartolommea Capitanio, Italian monastery founder (Liefdezusters)
  • Feb 16 Lysander Cutler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Royalston, Massachusetts (d. 1866)
  • Feb 25 George Alfred Trenholm, Secy Treas (Confederacy), (d. 1876)
  • Feb 27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Mar 1 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • Mar 14 Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen of Sweden and Norway, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1876)
  • Apr 1 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • Apr 24 Charles Ferguson Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • May 1 John B. Magruder, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Port Royal, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • May 4 Thomas Duncan, Scottish painter, born in Kinclaven, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1845)
  • May 24 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1893)
  • May 28 Jan van Swieten, Dutch general/governor of West-Sumatra
  • May 28 Louis Agassiz, Swiss naturalist/geologist/teacher
  • Jun 11 James F. Schenck, American rear admiral (Mexican-American War), born in Franklin, Ohio (d. 1882)
  • Jun 30 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)
  • Jul 1 Thomas Green Clemson, mining engineer, endowed Clemson University

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

Jul 4 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jul 12 Silas Casey, American Major General (Union Army), born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island (d. 1882)
  • Jul 22 Karolina Pawlowa, writer
  • Aug 8 Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (d. 1892)
  • Aug 11 David Rice Atchison, American politican (possibly served as President of of the United States on March 3, 1849), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Charles Francis Adams, (Union), (d. 1886)
  • Sep 9 Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1886)
  • Sep 25 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1859)
  • Sep 28 Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss-American geologist, geographer and meteorologist, born in Boudevilliers, Switzerland (d. 1884)
  • Oct 4 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician, prime minister of the Province of Canada (d. 1864)
  • Oct 22 Magnus Huss, Swedish Physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease
  • Oct 30 James Samuel Wadsworth, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1864)
  • Dec 17 John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet (Snow-bound), born in Haverhill, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Dec 20 Richard Lucian Page, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Dec 22 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (d. 1873)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 21 US President Martin Van Buren (24) weds highschool sweetheart Hannah Hoes (23) in Catskill, New York

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • Jan 12 Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian, dies at 71
  • Jan 12 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot, dies at 60
  • Feb 5 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80
  • Feb 18 August G Meissner, German estheticus/literary, dies at 53
  • Feb 18 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), dies at 75
  • Mar 4 Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • Apr 4 Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies
  • Apr 9 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • Apr 13 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 34

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

May 10 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French military leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), dies at 81

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • May 13 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (b. 1721)
  • May 17 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)
  • May 18 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (b. 1721)
  • Jul 13 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • Aug 15 Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70
  • Aug 16 Claude C Saunier, French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • Aug 22 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, dies at 71
  • Sep 14 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • Nov 2 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • Nov 23 Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician, dies at 60

Person of interestJoseph Brant

Nov 24 Joseph Brant [Thayendanegea], Mohawk leader, dies at 64

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant
  • Dec 3 Clara Reeve, English author (old English baron), dies at 78
  • Dec 4 Prince Hall, activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston
  • Dec 19 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • Dec 21 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, died at 82