On This Day

1811 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • Jan 8 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • Jan 10 Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes
  • Feb 2 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Feb 5 Prince George, Prince of Wales, later George IV, is appointed as Prince-Regent after his father King George III is recognized as insane due to mental illness

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Feb 11 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • Feb 20 Austria declares bankruptcy
  • Mar 1 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • Mar 1 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • Mar 25 Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism
  • Apr 12 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, Washington
  • May 14 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • May 16 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • May 18 Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas

VenezuelaVenezuela Declares Independence

Jul 5 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain
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A painting by Martin Tovar y Tovar depicting Venezuelan deputies signing the declaration
A painting by Martin Tovar y Tovar depicting Venezuelan deputies signing the declaration

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 11 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • Jul 30 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 18 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 11 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 First known purchase of Jane Austen's novel "Sense and Sensibility" by the Prince Regent (later George IV), a fan

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen
  • Oct 29 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • Nov 5 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 7 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Nov 11 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 16 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • Dec 26 A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Charles Sumner, American leading Reconstruction senator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • Jan 9 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • Feb 3 Horace Greeley, American founder and editor of the New-York Tribune ("Go west, young man"), born in Amherst, New Hampshire (d. 1872)
  • Feb 6 Henry George Liddell, English lexicographer & father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland, born in Bishop Auckland, United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • Feb 8 Edwin Denison Morgan, Secretary of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 15 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), born in San Juan, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1888)
  • Feb 24 Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • Feb 24 Edward Dickinson Baker, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in London, England (d. 1861)
  • Mar 1 Robert Christie Buchanan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1878)
  • Mar 3 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • Mar 11 Marsena Rudolph Patrick, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hounsfield, New York (d. 1888)
  • Mar 11 Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • Mar 15 Robert Allen, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Point, Ohio (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 George Caleb Bingham, American politician/painter (Country Election)
  • Mar 20 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • Mar 21 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)

Person of interestRobert Bunsen

Mar 30 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation (d. 1899)

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • Apr 21 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • May 11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • May 11 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • May 24 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1877)
  • Jun 7 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)

Person of interestHarriet Beecher Stowe

Jun 14 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Jun 17 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, born in Hrafnseyri, Arnarfjörður, Iceland (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • Jun 21 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 Joseph Lanman, American naval officer (Union Navy), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1874)
  • Jul 11 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1896)
  • Jul 18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • Jul 20 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), born in London (d. 1863)

Person of interestElisha Otis

Aug 3 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Aug 6 Judah P. Benjamin, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of State and 2nd Confederate States Secretary of War, born in Christiansted, Danish West Indies (d. 1884)
  • Aug 11 Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • Aug 17 Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • Aug 20 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • Aug 21 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • Aug 25 Joseph Dana Webster, American civil engineer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1876)
  • Aug 26 Danville Leadbetter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Aug 29 Henry Bergh, Founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), born in NYC, New York (d. 1888)
  • Aug 31 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • Aug 31 Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hancock County, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • Sep 3 John Humphrey Noyes, American preacher and founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists), born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • Sep 6 James Melville Gilliss, American astronomer and Founder of Naval Observatory in Washington, born in Georgetown, Washington (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), born in Auderghem, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Sep 7 William Hemsley Emory, American Major General (Union Army), born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland (d. 1887)
  • Sep 12 James Hall, American geologist and paleontologist (Natural history of NY), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • Sep 15 Willem Josephus van Zeggelen, Dutch author, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • Sep 19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republican politician, born in Eichtersheim, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Sep 30 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • Oct 17 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • Oct 18 Hugh Thompson Reid, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Union City, Indiana (d. 1874)
  • Oct 25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • Oct 27 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), born in Pittstown New York (d. 1875)
  • Oct 27 Stevens T. Mason, First Governor of Michigan (1835-40), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1843)
  • Nov 7 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • Nov 11 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1862)
  • Nov 19 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • Nov 24 Ditler G Monrad, Danish theologist/bishop/premier (1863- )
  • Nov 24 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • Nov 26 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, Qing Empire (d. 1872)
  • Nov 28 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Munich (d. 1864)
  • Nov 29 Wendell Phillips, women's suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer
  • Dec 2 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), born in Rivière-Ouelle, Lower Canada (d. 1885)
  • Dec 18 Alexander Sandor Asboth, Hungarian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1868)
  • Dec 25 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 1 Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 8 US Vice President John C. Calhoun (28) weds Floride Bonneau (19)

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun
  • Aug 28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 8 Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
  • Jan 8 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • Jan 10 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), dies at 46
  • Feb 9 Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies

Person of interestAugustus FitzRoy

Mar 14 Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, British Prime Minister (1768-70), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy
  • Apr 3 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • Apr 5 Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, dies
  • Apr 7 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician, dies at 53
  • May 4 Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • May 5 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • May 28 Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • Jun 11 Charles Frederick, liberal ruler of Baden, dies at 82
  • Jun 19 Samuel Chase, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • Jul 27 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, father of Mexican independence, executed at 58
  • Jul 28 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • Jul 31 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • Aug 2 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • Aug 3 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, Dutch dir-gen of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • Aug 12 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • Aug 20 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • Sep 8 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • Sep 30 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • Oct 7 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68
  • Oct 11 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • Oct 15 Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • Nov 8 Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • Nov 21 Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34
  • Nov 27 Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)