On This Day

January 1813 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • Jan 21 First reference to pineapple cultivation in Hawaii in diary entry by Francisco de Paula Marin
  • Jan 21 Spaniard Don Francisco de Paula y Marin plants coffee in Hawaii - 1st record of coffee growing in Hawaii
  • Jan 22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

Historic Publication

Jan 28 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom


Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)

Isaac Pitman

Jan 4 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), born in Trowbridge, England (d. 1897)

  • Jan 4 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • Jan 5 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • Jan 7 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • Jan 13 Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman, Prime Minister of Italy (1876-78, 1778-79, 1881-87), born in Bressana Bottarone, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1887)
  • Jan 15 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • Jan 19 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • Jan 20 Jacon Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • Jan 26 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • Jan 31 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • Jan 6 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, dies at 48
  • Jan 20 Christoph Martin Wieland, German poet and writer (Oberon), dies at 79
  • Jan 23 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 73