July 1816 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • Jul 2 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc.
  • Jul 2 French frigate "La Méduse" runs aground under incompetent leadership of aristocrat Viscount of Chaumareys, forcing evacuation of 400 passengers. 150 men, 1 woman are left on "la Machine," a poorly provisioned raft. 13 days later only 15 survivors remain due to starvation, riots, madness, suicide, and cannibalism
  • Jul 8 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • Jul 9 Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • Jul 17 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • Jul 19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • Jul 27 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 4 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, born in East Douglas, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • Jul 7 Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard, American General (Union Army), born in Natick, Massachusetts on (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 French-Andries Durlet, Belgian sculptor and architect, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1867)
  • Jul 13 Gustav Freytag, writer
  • Jul 14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • Jul 20 William Bowman, English anatomist, born in Nantwich, Cheshire (d. 1892)
  • Jul 21 Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news service, born in Kassel (d. 1899)
  • Jul 25 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), born in Unterkaka, Meineweh, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Jul 31 George Henry Thomas, American Major General (Union Army), born in Newsoms, Virginia (d. 1870)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 7 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright (The Rivals, The School for Scandal) and Whig MP, dies at 64
  • Jul 14 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • Jul 20 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  • Jul 23 Elizabeth Hamilton, author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68