1818 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Official reopening of the White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • Jan 2 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • Jan 21 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • Feb 5 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
  • Feb 7 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician" begins (NYC)
  • Feb 12 Chile gains independence from Spain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Mar 16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Mar 18 US Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • Apr 4 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars
  • Apr 5 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 7 General Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks, Florida from Seminole indians

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Apr 14 US Medical Corps forms
  • Apr 16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • Apr 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • May 4 Netherlands & Britain sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • May 24 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
  • May 28 1st steam vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
  • Jun 3 Maratha Wars between British & Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • Jul 11 John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", & "Gadfly"
  • Sep 7 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim
  • Sep 23 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • Sep 30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • Oct 9 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • Oct 19 US Government & Chickasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • Oct 20 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • Oct 20 US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • Oct 24 Felix Mendelssohn aged 9 performs his first public concert in Berlin
  • Nov 21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • Dec 3 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • Dec 25 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung (Austria)
  • Dec 25 Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 John Reese Kenly, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1891)
  • Jan 14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
  • Jan 17 Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • Jan 18 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch literary/theologist
  • Jan 28 George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), (d. 1905)
  • Jan 31 William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • Feb 6 William Maxwell Evarts, (Union), (d. 1901)
  • Feb 8 Austin Blair, Gov/MC (Union), (d. 1894)
  • Feb 10 Isham Green Harris, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1897)
  • Feb 12 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Feb 23 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • Mar 6 William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • Mar 10 George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1867)
  • Mar 11 John Wilkins Whitfield, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 12 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)
  • Mar 13 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • Mar 15 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
  • Mar 22 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • Mar 23 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Mar 25 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, American Major General (Union Army), born in North Andover, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • Mar 28 Wade Hampton, SC, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (d. 1883)
  • Apr 5 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • Apr 8 Christaan IX, king of Denmark (1863-1906)
  • Apr 14 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)
  • Apr 22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Apr 23 James Anthony Froude, historian
  • Apr 23 John Gill Shorter, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1872)
  • Apr 29 Alexander II N Romanov, Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
  • May 1 Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 5 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • May 20 William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)
  • May 25 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian
  • May 27 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragette known for her pantaloons
  • May 28 Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, US Confederate gen (Hero of Sumter)
  • May 31 John Albion Andrew, Gov (Union), (d. 1867)
  • Jun 3 Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • Jun 17 Sophia Frederika Mathilde, queen of Netherlands/wife of William III
  • Jun 21 Joseph Abel Haskin, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1874)
  • Jun 23 Simon Vissering, Dutch economist/minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • Jul 1 Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist
  • Jul 6 Adolf Anderssen, Prussia, world chess champion (1851-66)
  • Jul 10 John Stuart "Cerro Gordo" Williams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jul 14 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • Jul 18 Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1848)

  • Jul 30 John Heemskerk Azn, Dutch minister of Internal minister (1866..88)
  • Jul 31 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • Aug 1 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
  • Aug 2 [Willem] Alexander FCNM, prince of the Netherlands/general-major
  • Aug 3 HM Jozef Schadde, Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp)
  • Aug 4 Lovell Harrison Rosseau, American lawyer politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Stanford, Kentucky (d. 1869)
  • Aug 13 Lucy Blackwell-Stone, US abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association)
  • Aug 18 William Farquhar Barry, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1879)
  • Aug 23 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • Aug 30 Alexander H. Rice, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Massachusetts (1876-78), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Sep 7 Thomas Talbot, 31st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • Sep 12 Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (hand-cranked machine gun), born in Hertford County, North Carolina (d. 1903)
  • Sep 13 Olivier Gloux, [Aimard], Fren world explorer/writer (Grande Flibuste)
  • Sep 16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • Sep 18 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Oct 4 Francesco Crispi, Italian minister of War/premier
  • Oct 8 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician, born in Sevier County, Tennessee (d. 1905)
  • Oct 15 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • Oct 18 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • Oct 22 Leconte de Lisle, writer
  • Oct 25 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • Nov 3 Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, American Brigadier General (Union Army) born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1891)
  • Nov 4 Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Nov 5 Benjamin Franklin Butler, American Major General (Union Army), born in Deerfield, New Hampshire (d. 1893)
  • Nov 6 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [OS=Oct 25]
  • Nov 7 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (founder of modern electrophysiology), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • Nov 9 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • Nov 22 Samuel Gibbs French, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Nov 29 George Brown, Canadian publisher (Toronto Globe), PM (L) (1858)
  • Dec 4 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army)
  • Dec 12 Paul Octave Hebert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 13 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1882)

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Dec 21 Amalia, wife of king Otto of Greece
  • Dec 21 Lewis H Morgan, American etnologist (Systems of Consanguinity)
  • Dec 23 David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Dec 24 James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
  • Dec 30 James Cantey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1874)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 29 Inventor Samuel Morse (27) weds Lucretia Walker in Concord, New Hampshire

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse

Deaths in History

  • Feb 13 George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
  • Feb 14 John C Hespe, Dutch journalist/politician, dies at 61
  • Feb 15 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • Feb 28 Adriaan Loosjes Pzn, Dut publisher/writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • Mar 25 Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (b. 1745)
  • Apr 18 Pieter PJQ Ondaatje, Ceylon/Dutch lawyer, dies at 59
  • May 2 Herman W Daendels, governor-gen of Guinea (1815-18), dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 10 Paul Revere, American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, dies at 83

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • May 14 Matthew Gregory Lewis, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • May 26 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Russian fieldmarshal/War Minister, dies
  • Jun 4 John van Well, choreographer/mime (Pierrot), dies at 44
  • Jun 12 Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • Jun 29 Carl P Fohr, German painter/cartoonist, dies at 22
  • Jul 28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • Aug 22 Warren Hastings, 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), dies at 85
  • Aug 28 Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, trader, founder of Chicago, dies
  • Sep 18 Olaf Swaertz, botanist, dies
  • Oct 22 Joachim H Campe, German theory/author, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28 Abigail Adams, 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies of typhoid fever at 73

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • Nov 17 Charlotte Sophia von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England, dies
  • Dec 5 Bruno Daalberg/Anonymus Belga, sect of High Council Adel, dies at 60