April 1818 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 4 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars

Battle of Maipú

Apr 5 Battle of Maipú: Chile's independence movement led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead

Victory in Battle

Apr 7 General Andrew Jackson conquers Spanish Fort San Marcos (St Marks), in Spanish Florida during his pursuit of the Native American Seminole Tribe, in what would become known as the First Seminole War

  • Apr 14 US Medical Corps forms
  • Apr 16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

French History

Apr 20 Napoleon Bonaparte bids emotional farewell to his old guard at Palace of Fontainebleau

  • Apr 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Event of Interest

Apr 28 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • Apr 5 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • Apr 8 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1863-1906), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1906)
  • Apr 14 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1907)
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Göbel, German-American mechanic and inventor (incandescent lamps), born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • Apr 22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Apr 23 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), born in Dartington Rectory, Devon (d. 1894)
  • Apr 23 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), born in Monticello, Georgia (d. 1872)

Alexander IIAlexander II (1818-1881)

Apr 29 Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia

Deaths in History

  • Apr 18 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist & politician, dies at 59