1823 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 27 President Monroe appoints first US ambassadors to South America
  • Feb 20 English Captain James Weddell reaches 74°15' S, 1520 km from South Pole
  • Mar 11 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vermont
  • Apr 22 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • Apr 22 R J Tyers patents roller skates
  • May 10 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Fort Snelling
  • Jun 16 King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • Jul 1 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • Jul 1 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • Jul 2 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia
  • Jul 14 Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • Jul 15 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
  • Jul 24 Slavery is abolished in Chile

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Sep 10 Simón Bolívar named President of Peru

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Moroni first appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Oct 12 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • Nov 12 Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine", a US foreign policy regarding Latin America

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Dec 13 Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
  • Dec 19 Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
  • Dec 23 "Visit from St Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
  • Jan 4 Otto van Rees, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
  • Jan 4 Peter Joseph Osterhaus, German-American diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1917)

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

Jan 8 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Jan 29 Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Feb 3 Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station)
  • Feb 15 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
  • Feb 16 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Feb 27 Ferdinand Van Derveer, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middletown, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • Feb 27 William Buel Franklin, American Major General (Union Army), born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • Feb 28 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • Mar 3 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), born in Kassa, Austrian Empire (d. 1890)
  • Mar 12 William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Mar 14 Roswell S. Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Worthington, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • Mar 14 Théodore de Banville, French writer, born in Moulins, France (d. 1891)
  • Mar 19 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn, Dutch governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • Mar 19 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • Mar 20 John Echols, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 20 Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)
  • Mar 23 Schuyler Colfax, (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • Mar 25 William Thompson Martin, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Mar 27 Samuel Kosciusko Zook, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • Mar 30 Joseph Farmer Knipe, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mount Joy, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • Apr 1 Simón Bolívar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1914)

Person of interestBoss Tweed

Apr 3 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Apr 4 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), born in Gehrden, Hanover, Germany (d. 1883)
  • Apr 4 Robert Byington Mitchell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1882)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Medill, St John NB Canada, newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
  • Apr 10 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Jefferson County, Georgia (d. 1862)
  • Apr 12 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • Apr 16 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), born in Saint-Elzéar, Quebec, Canada (d. 1902)
  • Apr 16 Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1907)
  • Apr 16 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • Apr 22 Alfred Gibbs, American Major General (Union Army), born in Long Island, New York (d. 1868)
  • Apr 23 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1861)
  • Apr 30 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), born in Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire (d. 1900)
  • May 5 James Allen Hardie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • May 10 John Sherman, MC (Union), (d. 1900)
  • May 11 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter
  • May 22 Solomon Bundy, American politician (d. 1889)
  • May 27 John Gray Foster, American Major General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, New Hampshire (d. 1874)
  • May 29 John H. Balsley, American carpenter (d. 1895)
  • Jun 2 Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • Jun 5 George Thorndike Angell, American lawyer and advocate for the humane treatment of animals (ASPCA), born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1909)
  • Jun 8 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • Jun 11 James Lawson Kemper, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Madison County, Virginia (d. 1895)
  • Jun 13 Gustave Paul Cluseret, French Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Suresnes, France (d. 1900)
  • Jun 17 John Henry Hobart Ward, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1903)
  • Jun 20 Jesse Lee Reno, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1862)
  • Jun 21 Edward Elmer Potter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1889)
  • Jun 21 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • Jun 25 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1901)
  • Jun 30 Hendrik Jan Schimmel, Dutch writer/dramatist (2 Tudors)
  • Jun 30 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
  • Jul 16 James Isham Gilbert, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1884)
  • Jul 18 Leonard Fulton Ross, American lawyer, probate judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lewistown, Illinois (d. 1901)
  • Jul 19 George Henry Gordon, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • Jul 23 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), born in Essex, England (d. 1896)
  • Aug 3 Thomas Francis Meagre, Irish nationalist and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterford, Ireland (d. 1867)
  • Aug 4 Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton, American politician (Governor of Indiana), born in Salisbury, Indiana (d. 1877)
  • Aug 8 Theodule Augustin Ribot, painter
  • Aug 9 Daniel Marsh Frost, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • Aug 10 Charles Keene, Hornsey, artist
  • Aug 10 Charles Thomas Campbell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Thomas Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • Aug 10 Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (d. 1886)
  • Aug 11 Charlotte Mary Yonge, England, writer (Heir of Redclyffe)
  • Aug 13 Goldwin Smith, English historian and journalist, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1910)
  • Aug 15 Orris Sanford Ferry, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Connecticut (d. 1875)
  • Aug 18 Willem J F Nuyens, Dutch physician/RC historian
  • Aug 25 John Newton, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1895)
  • Aug 31 Galusha Aaron Grow, American politician, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • Sep 16 Francis Parkman, American historian/author (Oregon Trail)
  • Sep 16 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), born in Kragujevac, Serbia (d. 1868)
  • Sep 25 Thomas John Wood, American Major General (Union Army), born in Munfordville, Kentucky (d. 1906)
  • Sep 26 Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh)
  • Sep 28 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

Oct 9 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1893)

Suffragist and publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
  • Oct 20 Thomas Hughes, English politician and author (Tom Brown's School Days), born in Uffington (d. 1896)
  • Oct 26 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), born in Dzierżoniów, Poland (d. 1901)
  • Nov 9 William Henry Forney, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1894)
  • Nov 14 Robert J Fruin, historian (80 year war)
  • Nov 22 Nathan Kimball, American physician, politician, postmaster, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fredericksburg, Indiana (d. 1898)
  • Nov 25 Joseph Alexander Cooper, American civil servant and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Whitley County, Kentucky (d. 1910)
  • Dec 6 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, born in Dessau, German Federation (d. 1900)
  • Dec 7 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
  • Dec 21 Jean Henri Fabre, French entomologist (insects & spiders)
  • Dec 25 Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)

Person of interestMackenzie Bowell

Dec 27 Mackenzie Bowell, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (1894-96), born in Rickinghall, England (d. 1917)

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell
  • Dec 28 Thomas Alexander Scott, Asst Secy War (Union), (d. 1881)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Major George Johnston, Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales (b. 1764)
  • Jan 17 Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
  • Jan 21 Cayetano José Rodríguez, Argentine cleric, journalist and poet (b. 1761)
  • Jan 26 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, dies at 73
  • Feb 7 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Romance of the Forest), dies at 58
  • Feb 16 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, dies at 64
  • Mar 14 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • Mar 24 Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch politician, Mayor of Alkmaar, dies at 66
  • Apr 7 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, French inventor and balloonist who (with Nicholas Robert) was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon, dies at 76
  • Apr 10 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), dies at 65
  • Jun 1 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
  • Aug 2 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • Aug 3 Jacob Abraham de Mist, Dutch statesman, dies at 74
  • Aug 20 Pius VII, [Luigi B Chiaramonti], Pope (1800-23), dies at 83
  • Aug 20 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German encyclopedia publisher, dies at 51
  • Sep 11 David Ricardo, economist (b. 1772)
  • Sep 17 Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker, dies at 76
  • Sep 23 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • Oct 30 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), dies at 80
  • Dec 14 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naple revolution 1799), dies at 53