1827 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
  • Jan 17 Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
  • Feb 7 Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
  • Feb 27 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
  • Feb 28 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • Mar 7 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • Mar 15 University of Toronto is chartered
  • Mar 16 First US newspaper, "Freedom's Journal" owned and operated by African Americans begins publishing in New York City
  • Apr 2 US inventor Joseph Dixon of Salem, Massachusetts, begins manufacturing lead pencils
  • Apr 7 English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 George Canning becomes British Prime Minister upon the resignation of Robert Jenkinson, lives to serve only 119 days

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • Apr 23 Irish mathematician and astronomer William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of Systems of Rays
  • Jun 5 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during Greek War of Independence
  • Jul 4 Slavery abolished in New York
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)
  • Aug 17 Dutch King Willem I and Pope Leo XII sign concord
  • Aug 22 José de La Mar becomes President of Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 According to Joseph Smith Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Oct 1 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • Oct 8 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • Oct 20 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
  • Nov 15 Creek-indians lose all their property in US
  • Nov 17 The Delta Phi fraternity, America's oldest continuous social fraternity, founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 2 Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • Jan 6 John Calvin Brown, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • Jan 6 John Wesley Frazer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), die in 1906
  • Jan 7 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • Jan 21 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
  • Jan 23 Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
  • Feb 1 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
  • Feb 2 Abner Monroe Perrin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Feb 2 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter
  • Feb 10 Peter J Savelberg, Dutch Limburgs monastery founder
  • Feb 19 Charles Robert Woods, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1855)
  • Feb 20 Edward Stuyvesant Bragg, American politician, lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Unadilla, New York (d. 1912)
  • Feb 22 James Barnet Fry, American historian and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Illinois (d. 1894)
  • Feb 24 Charles Davis Jameson, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1862)
  • Feb 27 Richard W Johnson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • Mar 7 Henry DeLamar Clayton, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • Mar 8 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • Mar 12 John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Mar 12 William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Mar 19 Alexander Shaler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1911)
  • Apr 2 William Holman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1910)
  • Apr 5 Joseph Lister, British surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), born in Upton House, West Ham, England (d. 1912)
  • Apr 8 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
  • Apr 10 Lewis "Lew" Wallace, American author (Ben-Hur) and Major General (Union Army), born in Brookville, Indiana (d. 1905)
  • Apr 14 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • Apr 16 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1879)
  • Apr 17 Frans Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1896)
  • Apr 20 John Gibbon, American Major General (Union Army), born in Holmesburg, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1896)
  • Apr 22 William Hopkins Morris, American author, editor, inventor, and Major General (Union Army), born in (d. 1900)
  • Apr 23 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, born in Winterberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Apr 26 Charles Edward Hovey, American lobbyist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • May 4 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, born in Bideford, Devon (d. 1864)
  • May 7 Francis Engle Patterson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • May 11 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)
  • May 16 P.J.H. [Pierre] Cuypers, Dutch architect (Amsterdam Museum, Central station), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1921)
  • May 19 Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • May 21 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
  • May 27 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
  • May 29 Reuben Lindsay Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • Jun 5 Beverly Holcombe Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • Jun 12 Johanna Spyri, Swiss children's book author (Heidi), born in Hirzel, Switzerland (d. 1901)
  • Jun 13 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (d. 1882)
  • Jul 7 James Murrell Shackelford, American lawyer, judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lincoln County, Kentucky (d. 1909)
  • Jul 7 William Montague Browne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jul 17 Frederick Able, English chemist and inventor (cordiet), born in Woolwich, England (d. 1902)
  • Jul 18 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, born in Perk, Steenokkerzeel, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • Jul 19 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, born in Nagwa, Ballia district, India (d. 1857)
  • Jul 23 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), born in Zierikzee, Zeeland, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • Jul 24 Julius A. De Lagnel, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1912)
  • Aug 5 Deodoro da Fonseca, first President of Brazil (d. 1892)
  • Aug 22 Joseph Anthony Mower, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • Aug 22 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, born in Vermont (d. 1906)
  • Aug 24 Walter Husted Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Penn Yan, New York (d. 1867)
  • Aug 28 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1894)
  • Sep 1 Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Overbetuwsche Novellen)
  • Sep 5 Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and writer, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1849)
  • Sep 6 John Morrison Oliver, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Penn Yan, New York (d. 1872)
  • Sep 16 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in St Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1908)
  • Sep 21 Michael Corcoran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1863)
  • Sep 22 John Grubb Parke, American Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1900)
  • Sep 24 Henry Warner Slocum, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pompey, New York (d. 1894)
  • Sep 30 Carlo A Alfieri, Italian MP (Liberal)
  • Sep 30 Kenner Garrard, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1879)
  • Sep 30 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • Oct 2 Edmund Jackson Davis, American lawyer, soldier, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Augustine, Florida (d. 1883)
  • Oct 14 James Sidney Robinson, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • Oct 14 William Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in York, England (d. 1904)
  • Oct 21 Petrus PM Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch historian/writer
  • Oct 29 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • Oct 31 Richard Morris Hunt, American architect and educator, born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1895)
  • Nov 10 Alfred Howe Terry, American Major General (Union Army), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1890)
  • Nov 14 Isaac Wistar, American lawyer, author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1905)
  • Nov 17 Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • Nov 19 Isaac Munroe St John, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Nov 26 Alfred Moore Scales, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)

Person of interestEllen G. White

Nov 26 Ellen G. White, American religious leader (Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Gorham, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • Nov 30 Constantine P Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer/senator
  • Nov 30 Ernest H Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants)
  • Dec 10 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (d. 1913)
  • Dec 16 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer
  • Dec 23 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (Helgoland/Lissa)
  • Dec 28 Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), (d. 1862)

Weddings in History

  • Jan 4 Naturalist and entomologist Thomas Say (39) secretly weds natural science illustrator Lucy Way Sistare (26)

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 17 Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr (21) weds church group movement leader Emma Smith (22) in South Bainbridge, New York

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 1 Father of U.S. History George Bancroft (26) weds first wife Sarah Dwight

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft

HeartWedding of Interest

May 17 US President Andrew Johnson (18) weds Eliza McCardle (16) in Warrenton, Tennessee

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Frederick of York, English duke/bishop/general, dies at 63
  • Feb 17 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), dies at 81
  • Feb 22 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution (George Washington), dies at 85
  • Mar 1 Christopher Gore, American lawyer and politician (8th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 68

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

Mar 5 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, dies at 82

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • Mar 5 Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
  • Mar 27 François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747)
  • Apr 2 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • Apr 3 Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • Apr 22 Thomas Rowlandson, caricaturist, dies
  • May 5 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76
  • Jun 26 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies
  • Jun 26 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny), dies at 73
  • Jun 27 Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • Jul 14 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • Jul 16 Josiah Spode, potter, dies

Person of interestGeorge Canning

Aug 8 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, dies in office at 57

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning

Person of interestWilliam Blake

Aug 12 William Blake, English poet and artist (Songs of Innocence & Experience), dies at 69

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • Aug 27 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat, dies
  • Sep 18 Robert Pollok, poet, dies
  • Oct 10 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet, dies at 49
  • Nov 18 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, dies at 24
  • Nov 24 Harman W Muntinghe, Dutch lawyer and colonial director, dies at 54
  • Nov 28 Dov Baer Schneersohn, Lubavitch leader/author (Imirei Binah), dies