1836 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • Jan 12 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin reaches Sydney, Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • Feb 3 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • Feb 6 HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrive in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Feb 7 "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • Feb 22 Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • Feb 23 Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

InventionHistoric Invention

Feb 25 Samuel Colt patents first multi-shot revolving-cylinder revolver, enabling the firearm to be fired multiple times without reloading

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • Feb 25 US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth, claiming she was 161 year-old nursemaid to George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico in Columbia

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Mar 5 Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
  • Mar 6 Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett
  • Mar 16 Constitution of the Republic of Texas approved, legalises slavery
  • Mar 27 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • Apr 14 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

  • Apr 19 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Apr 20 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • Apr 21 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • May 7 The settlement of Mayagüez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • May 15 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse
  • May 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • Jun 1 Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town in South Africa
  • Jun 15 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union
  • Jun 16 London Working Men's Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jul 4 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • Jul 8 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon
  • Jul 13 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
  • Jul 19 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Ascension Island
  • Jul 21 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie and St John, Quebec
  • Jul 27 The ship the "Duke of York" arrives with the first colonists at Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
  • Jul 29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Jul 30 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii
  • Aug 1 As part of their homeward journey on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin returns to Bahia in Brazil
  • Aug 17 British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
  • Aug 17 Charles Darwin leaves South America for the last time on HMS Beagle
  • Aug 19 HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
  • Aug 30 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • Aug 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • Sep 1 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem

  • Sep 1 Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 5 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Sep 25 HMS Beagle anchors at St Michael
  • Oct 2 After 5 years at sea Charles Darwin returns to England aboard the HMS Beagle
  • Oct 12 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • Oct 22 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas
  • Oct 24 Earliest American patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Nov 10 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • Nov 11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • Dec 4 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 7 Martin Van Buren elected the 8th President of the United States

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Dec 10 Emory College (now Emory University) is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.
  • Dec 14 The Toledo War unofficially ends
  • Dec 15 Patent Office burns in Washington D.C.
  • Dec 17 Colonel William Light chooses the site for the settlement of Adelaide in South Australia
  • Dec 27 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • Dec 28 Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • Dec 28 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • Dec 28 The colony of Adelaide, South Australia is formally proclaimed
  • Dec 30 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • Jan 2 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • Jan 3 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • Jan 8 Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US African American woman college grad
  • Jan 8 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • Jan 10 Charles Ingalls, father of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wantage Township, New Jersey (d. 1881)
  • Jan 14 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
  • Jan 16 King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • Jan 27 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • Jan 29 Benjamin Franklin Potts, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fox Township, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • Jan 29 James Meech Warner, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middlebury, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • Feb 17 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • Feb 18 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • Feb 24 Winslow Homer, American painter (Gulfstream)
  • Mar 2 Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)
  • Mar 5 Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • Mar 8 Matthew Calbraith Butler, American Major General (Confederate Army) and politician, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1909)
  • Mar 16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • Mar 20 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • Mar 28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • Mar 30 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • Apr 24 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • Apr 26 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • May 8 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Milledgeville, Georgia (d. 1905)
  • May 14 James Patrick Major, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • May 17 Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (d. 1923)
  • May 17 Sir Norman Lockyer, English physicist, co-founder of helium gas, founder and editor of "Nature" magazine, born in Rugby, Warwickshire (d. 1920)
  • May 24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • May 27 Edwin Gray Lee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • May 27 Jay Gould, US railroad executive, financier
  • May 28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
  • Jun 9 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • Jun 10 Yamaoka Tesshu, Japanese swordsman/master of kendo
  • Jun 14 Thomas Wilberforce Egan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1887)
  • Jul 2 Henry Eugene Davies, American writer, public official, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • Jul 8 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies
  • Jul 9 Camille de Renesse, Belgian nobleman and entrepreneur, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • Jul 20 Thomas Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire (d. 1925)
  • Jul 24 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, born in Radom, Poland (d. 1902)
  • Aug 7 Evander McIvor Law, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1920)
  • Aug 11 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)
  • Aug 11 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • Aug 14 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • Aug 22 Archibald M Willard, American artist (Spirit of '76), born in Bedford, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • Aug 23 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians, born in Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary (d. 1902)
  • Aug 25 Bret Harte, American author (Outcasts of Poker Flat), born in Albany, New York (d. 1902)
  • Sep 5 Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (1894), born in Trujillo, Peru (d. 1921)

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

Sep 7 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • Sep 7 August Toepler, German physicist, born in Brühl bei Bonn, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Sep 10 Joseph Wheeler II, Maj Gen (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee)
  • Sep 11 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • Sep 13 John McCausland, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1927)
  • Sep 14 Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek, Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27), born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)
  • Sep 28 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), born in Thorne, Yorkshire (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, born in Verberie, Oise, France (d. 1936)
  • Oct 5 George Washington Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1911)
  • Oct 15 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • Oct 15 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • Nov 4 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner (d. 1912)
  • Nov 6 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, American theologian (Scientific Theism), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • Nov 8 Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
  • Nov 11 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American author/editor (Story of a Bad Boy)
  • Nov 15 Pierce Manning Butler Young, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Nov 16 David Kalakaua of Hawaii, Hawaiian king (d. 1891)

Person of interestWilliam Schwenck Gilbert

Nov 18 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • Nov 20 John Thomas Croxton, American attorney, diplomat, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Paris, Kentucky, (d. 1874)
  • Nov 30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • Dec 13 Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904)
  • Dec 15 Edmond Picard, French/Belgian lawyer/writer (La forge Roussel)
  • Dec 19 Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
  • Dec 27 Henricus Oort, Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 Author Harriet Beecher (24) weds educator Calvin Ellis Stowe (33) in Cincinnati, Ohio

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 2 English novelist and social critic Charles Dickens (24) marries Catherine Thomson Hogarth (20)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens

HeartWedding of Interest

May 16 US writer Edgar Allan Poe (26) marries his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 5 English engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel marries Mary Elizabeth Horsley

  • Aug 20 English novelist (Vanity Fair) William Makepeace Thackeray (25) marries Isabella Gethin Shawe (20)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 John Molson, Canadian brewer (b. 1763)

Person of interestBetsy Ross

Jan 30 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, dies at 84

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross

Person of interestDavy Crockett

Mar 6 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, adventurer and politician, killed at the Battle of the Alamo at 49

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • Mar 6 James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • Mar 6 Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • Mar 6 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (Texas Revolution), dies at 39
  • Mar 9 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, dies at 81
  • Mar 27 James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (b. 1804)
  • Apr 7 William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • Apr 20 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, dies at 75
  • Jun 6 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36), dies at 80
  • Jun 10 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • Jun 23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63

Person of interestJames Madison

Jun 28 James Madison, 4th US President (1809-17), dies in Montpelier Va at 85

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Aug 16 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), dies at 81
  • Aug 21 Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • Sep 5 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
  • Sep 12 Grabbe, writer, dies at 34

Person of interestAaron Burr

Sep 14 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel, dies at 80

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Sep 17 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), dies at 88
  • Oct 10 Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson the 3rd President of the U.S., dies at 64
  • Oct 17 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • Nov 5 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • Nov 6 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • Nov 16 Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
  • Nov 26 John MacAdam, British road builder (b. 1756)
  • Nov 26 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), dies at 80
  • Nov 27 Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer, dies

Person of interestStephen F. Austin

Dec 27 Stephen Fuller Austin, founder of the US State of Texas, dies at 43

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin