1837 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 22 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • Jan 26 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • Feb 8 1st US Vice-President chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • Feb 10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • Feb 11 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • Feb 13 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • Feb 25 1st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • Mar 3 Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Mar 4 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • Mar 4 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city
  • Mar 24 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • Apr 19 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • May 3 The University of Athens is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 John Deere creates the first steel plough

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • May 9 "Sherrod" burns in the Mississippi River below Natchez, Mississippi; 175 die
  • May 10 Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • May 25 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
  • May 31 Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • Jun 11 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • Jun 13 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio

1stHistoric Invention

Jun 17 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

Chemist and Inventor Charles Goodyear
Chemist and Inventor
Charles Goodyear
  • Jun 18 Spain gets new Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jul 4 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • Jul 13 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

Jul 20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • Jul 25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
  • Jul 27 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Aug 5 1st ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
  • Aug 28 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • Sep 6 Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
  • Sep 21 Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
  • Oct 1 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Oct 1 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • Oct 9 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • Oct 9 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • Oct 31 Collision of river boat Monmouth & Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • Nov 7 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • Nov 8 Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
  • Nov 15 Isaac Pitman introduces his shorthand system
  • Nov 19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • Nov 21 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • Dec 5 Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
  • Dec 5 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • Dec 25 Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians
  • Dec 29 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • Dec 29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented in Winthrop, Maine

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • Jan 5 A Ch Swinburne, writer [or Apr 5]
  • Jan 16 James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Jan 19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • Jan 20 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • Feb 5 Dwight Lyman Moody, American evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • Feb 7 James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary
  • Feb 17 Francis Jay Herron, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1902)
  • Feb 17 Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
  • Feb 24 Rosalía de Castro, Santiago de Compostela Galician writer and poet ('Séculos Escuros') (d. 1885)
  • Feb 26 Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
  • Mar 1 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • Mar 1 William Dean Howells, American novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • Mar 7 Henry Draper, American astronomer (Moon, Orion Nebula), born in Prince Edward County, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • Mar 14 Charles Ammi Cutter, US librarian (Expansive classification)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey (d. 1908)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 19 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • Mar 24 Philips, Count of Flanders Belgium
  • Mar 31 Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA
  • Mar 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 3 John Burroughs, writer/nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • Apr 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, England, poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • Apr 10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
  • Apr 11 Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, Col (Union Army), (d. 1861)
  • Apr 15 Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1921)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 17 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and philanthropist (General Electric, Steel Corporation, AT&T), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1913)

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan
  • Apr 21 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • Apr 24 Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • Apr 29 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
  • May 2 Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order)
  • May 10 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • May 23 James Sanks Brisbin, American ducator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • May 27 Robert Frederick Hoke, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1912)
  • May 27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
  • May 28 George Ashlin, Irish architect (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (d. 1908)
  • May 29 Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann, Dutch minister/party leader (CHU)
  • May 31 Ernest Daudet, French writer (White Terror)
  • May 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 31 William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Jun 7 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
  • Jun 8 Moriz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf)
  • Jun 16 Eli Long, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1903)
  • Jun 17 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • Jun 22 Paul Morphy, greatest chess player of all time (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jun 26 Martin Davis Hardin II, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jun 30 Stephen D Ramseur, youngest West Pointer to be Maj Gen
  • Jul 15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • Jul 18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • Jul 30 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • Jul 31 William Clarke Quantrill, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • Aug 1 Mother Jones, American labor organizer (d. 1930)
  • Aug 11 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), born in Limoges, France (d. 1894)
  • Aug 16 Emile A. H. Seipgens, Dutch priest, writer and beer brewer, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • Aug 30 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, US 1st Lady (1881-85), born in Culpeper Court House, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • Sep 2 James Harrison Wilson, American topographic engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Shawneetown, Illinois (d. 1925)
  • Sep 14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • Sep 16 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d.1861)
  • Sep 18 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (d. 1880)
  • Oct 14 Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1908)
  • Oct 18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, born in Colonge (d. 1919)
  • Oct 26 James Lawlor Kieran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mountbellew, County Galway (d. 1869)
  • Oct 28 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japan's last shogun (d. 1913)
  • Oct 29 Abraham Kuyper, clergyman/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-12)
  • Oct 29 Harriet Powers, American slave/writer (Creation of Animals)
  • Nov 2 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France (d. (1891)
  • Nov 9 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1915)
  • Nov 13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)
  • Nov 17 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 23 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • Nov 28 John Wesley Hyatt, inventor (celluloid)
  • Dec 2 Charles Garrison Harker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swedesboro, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • Dec 14 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • Dec 18 A Adolf Daens, Belgian priest/Dutch party founder (CVP)
  • Dec 19 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Sissi, Emperor of Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
  • Feb 7 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
  • Feb 10 Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and writer (Eugene Onegin), killed in a duel at 37
  • Feb 12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • Feb 13 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • Feb 19 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • Mar 13 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • Mar 29 Maria Fitzherbert, morganatic wife of King George IV, dies
  • Mar 31 John Constable, English painter/water colors painter, dies at 60
  • Apr 17 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, South Netherland banker and politician, dies at 78
  • May 8 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1770)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 31 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", dies at 57

Greatest Clown in History Joseph Grimaldi
Greatest Clown in History
Joseph Grimaldi
  • Jun 14 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian writer (b. 1798)
  • Jun 19 Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky, Russian writer, dies in battle
  • Jun 20 William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • Jul 24 Charles Hodges, English/Dutch portrait painter
  • Aug 1 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, dies at 41
  • Aug 9 Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • Sep 30 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, dies at 21
  • Oct 1 Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • Oct 5 Hortense de Beauharnais, French queen of Neth (1806-10), dies at 54
  • Oct 9 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • Oct 12 Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, Queen of Netherlands, dies at 62
  • Oct 15 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • Nov 4 Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist, dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • Dec 26 Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87