1846 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • Jan 5 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 15 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 1st edition of Charles Dickens' newspaper "The Daily News"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Jan 28 Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • Jan 31 After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Feb 1 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • Feb 4 Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west
  • Feb 5 "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • Feb 10 Beginning of Mormon march to western US
  • Feb 10 British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • Feb 16 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • Feb 19 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • Feb 20 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • Feb 21 1st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Feb 23 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated

  • Mar 13 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 25 Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War
  • May 1 Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • May 3 Mexican Army begins the Siege of Fort Texas near Brownsville, Texas, during the Mexican-American War
  • May 4 US state Michigan ends death penalty

Book releaseHistoric Publication

May 7 First printed copies of "Poems" by Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë received, published under pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell (2 copies sold)

  • May 8 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • May 9 Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
  • May 13 US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • May 18 US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • May 21 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Jun 5 Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Baltimore
  • Jun 8 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • Jun 10 Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tyre
  • Jun 14 Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • Jun 14 California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
  • Jun 15 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • Jun 24 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
  • Jun 28 Saxophone is patented by Antoine-Joseph "Adolfe" Sax
  • Jul 9 Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • Jul 9 The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress
  • Jul 21 Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
  • Aug 5 Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel

  • Aug 10 US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world's largest museum and research complex

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • Aug 14 The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • Aug 17 Commodore Robert F Stockton, US Navy, annexes California
  • Aug 18 General Stephen W Kearney's US forces capture Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Aug 26 W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (San Francisco)

InventionHistoric Invention

Sep 10 Elias Howe takes out a US patent for a lockstitch sewing machine

Inventor Elias Howe
Elias Howe
  • Sep 15 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange last letters before eloping

  • Sep 23 Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • Sep 25 US troops under Gen Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
  • Sep 30 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • Oct 10 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • Oct 10 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • Oct 15 Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • Oct 16 Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
  • Oct 28 Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • Oct 31 Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • Nov 4 Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
  • Dec 5 C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
  • Dec 8 Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres
  • Dec 28 Iowa becomes 29th state of the Union

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
  • Jan 5 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • Jan 29 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • Jan 30 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • Feb 4 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • Feb 9 Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • Feb 9 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)
  • Feb 10 Mildred Childe Lee, daughter of confederate General Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 10 Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
  • Feb 10 Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)
  • Feb 14 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, born in Johnson, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • Feb 26 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in Davenport Iowa (d. 1917)
  • Mar 7 Whitcomb Judson, American inventor (zipper), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1909)
  • Mar 10 Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (d. 1850)
  • Mar 11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet
  • Mar 16 Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)
  • Mar 17 Kate Greenaway, England, artist/book illustrator (Under the Window)
  • Mar 22 Randolph Caldecott, England, illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake)
  • Apr 4 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (Les Chants de Maldoror), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1870)
  • Apr 4 Raoul Pictet, Swiss physicist who invented liquid nitrogen and was a pioneer of cryogenics, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1929)
  • Apr 28 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), born in Länghem, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • Apr 30 Rosalie Amstein, writer
  • May 5 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1916)
  • May 14 Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch lib politician/founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
  • May 14 Pieter W A Cort van de Linden, Dutch premier (1913-18)
  • May 17 Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle
  • May 22 Oliver Perry Hay, Saluda Indiana, American Paleontologist
  • May 25 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1923)
  • May 25 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer(d. 1900)
  • May 29 Albert Gyorgy earl Apponyi, Hungarian minister of Education
  • May 30 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)
  • Jun 11 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer, born in Washington, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • Jun 19 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)
  • Jun 27 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, born in Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland (d. 1891)
  • Jul 11 Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist, born in Périgueux, France (d. 1917)
  • Jul 19 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • Aug 16 Justus van Maurik, Dutch author and cigar manufacturer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1904)
  • Aug 19 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1906)
  • Aug 22 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Hellemyrsfolket), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1905)
  • Aug 23 Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1923)
  • Aug 25 Louise J Gautier, French poetess
  • Sep 4 Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban designer (built skyscrapers), born in Henderson, New York (d. 1912)
  • Sep 5 John W Cromwell, American lawyer and civil right activist (American Negro Academy), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1927)
  • Sep 13 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1915)
  • Sep 25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia

Person of interestGeorge Westinghouse

Oct 6 George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur and engineer (air brakes, alternating current system), born in Central Bridge, New York (d. 1914)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Oct 21 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (Cuore)
  • Oct 28 Auguste Escoffier, king of chefs & chef of kings
  • Nov 5 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1869)
  • Nov 18 Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician
  • Nov 19 Emile C Wauters, Belgian painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery)
  • Nov 25 Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate (d. 1911)
  • Dec 2 Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau, French Min of Foreign affairs/premier
  • Dec 31 Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, vicar/Dutch anarchist (Right for all)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 30 Author and Christian pioneer Ellen G. White (18) weds preacher James Springer White (25) in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 12 Poet and playwright Robert Browning (34) weds fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett (40) at Marylebone Church in London

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 8 Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper (25) weds Frances Amelia Morse (20) in Amherst, Nova Scotia

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, dies at 33
  • Jan 10 Etienne P de Senancour, French writer (De l'Amour), dies at 75
  • Feb 9 Henry Gally Knight, architect/writer, dies
  • Feb 14 Cornelis F van Maanen, Dutch supreme court justice, dies at 76
  • Feb 21 Emperor Ninko of Japan (b. 1800)
  • Feb 22 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher, dies at 49 [OS]
  • Mar 6 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher, dies at 49 [NS]
  • Mar 17 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • Apr 4 Solomon Sibley, American senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
  • May 23 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  • May 31 Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • Jun 1 Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari], Pope (1831-1846), dies at 80
  • Jun 20 Pieter Adams, architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • Jun 28 Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar and educationalist, dies at 77
  • Jul 24 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67
  • Aug 25 Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian traveller and naturalist, dies at 73
  • Sep 23 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • Sep 26 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), dies at 86
  • Oct 2 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • Oct 29 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist, dies at 90
  • Nov 6 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • Nov 6 Alexander Chavchavadze, Georgian poet and general
  • Dec 23 Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)