1847 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • Jan 1 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Manuscripts of Emily Brontë's "Wuthering Heights" and Anne Brontë's "Agnes Grey" sent to publisher T.C. Newby (published December 1947)

  • Jan 9 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
  • Jan 15 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • Jan 16 John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory
  • Jan 24 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Colonel Price
  • Jan 30 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • Feb 4 1st US telegraph company established in Maryland
  • Feb 22 Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 23 Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Feb 25 State University of Iowa is approved
  • Feb 28 US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
  • Mar 1 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office Department is authorized to issue postage stamps
  • Mar 7 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • Mar 10 1st money minted in Hawaii
  • Mar 14 Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence
  • Mar 18 1st Dutch public telegram
  • Mar 25 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • Mar 29 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Apr 14 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • Apr 28 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • May 4 NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • May 5 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • May 7 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • May 8 Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • May 31 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • Jun 10 Chicago Tribune begins publishing

1stHistoric Invention

Jun 14 Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Robert Bunsen
  • Jun 22 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory
  • Jun 27 New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • Jul 1 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • Jul 2 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)
  • Jul 10 Urbain J J Leverrier & John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
  • Jul 20 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jul 24 Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, NYC
  • Jul 26 Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • Jul 26 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • Jul 29 Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • Sep 8 US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • Sep 10 1st theater opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • Sep 12 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • Sep 13 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • Sep 14 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • Oct 1 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet

1stHistoric Invention

Oct 1 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens
  • Oct 16 Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published
  • Oct 20 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • Nov 10 The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.
  • Nov 12 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • Nov 21 Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • Nov 26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 28 Bologna: church of San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali initiated with premier of Rossini's Tantum ergo
  • Nov 29 Indians kill Washington state pioneers Marcus & Narcissa Whitman, and 12 others in Walla Walla Ore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician
  • Jan 20 W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
  • Feb 8 Hugh Price Hughes, English social reformer (d. 1902)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 11 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera) born in Milan, Ohio (d. 1931)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 14 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette
  • Feb 14 Maria Pia of Italy, queen of Portugal (d. 1911)
  • Feb 25 John Watson, Canadian philosopher (Objective Idealism)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 3 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British-American inventor (telephone), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1922)

  • Mar 4 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • Mar 8 Karl von Bach, German engineer (Maschinenelemente)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 10 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1934)

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • Mar 14 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • Mar 23 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • Mar 27 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910)
  • Mar 31 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • Apr 1 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • Apr 7 J. P. [Jens Peter] Jacobsen, Danish writer (Niels Lyhne), born in Thisted, Jutland (d. 1885)
  • Apr 10 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World)
  • Apr 13 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, gov-gen (Neth East-Indies)
  • Apr 16 Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 7 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), born in London (d. 1929)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose
  • May 10 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • May 25 John Alexander Dowie, [Elijah the Restorer], American evangelist
  • May 30 Alice Stopford Green, Irish historian and proponent of Irish independence, born in Kells, Ireland (d. 1929)
  • Jun 6 Gerben Postma, [Ids], Frisian writer (Swealtsjeblommen)
  • Jun 8 Ida Sazton McKinley, 1st lady (1897-1901)
  • Jun 11 Millicent Garrett Fawcett, leader (English women's movement)
  • Jun 30 Jacob T Cremer, min of Colonies/pres (Dutch Trading Comp)
  • Jul 2 Marcel Bertrand, French mine engineer (tectonic geology)
  • Jul 4 James Anthony Bailey, circus impresario (Barnum & Bailey), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jul 20 Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter
  • Aug 3 Jan de Louter, lawyer/tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina
  • Aug 9 Maria Victoria al Pozzo della Cisterna, queen consort of Spain (d. 1876)
  • Aug 14 Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)
  • Aug 20 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (d. 1912)
  • Aug 21 Arthur T Verhaegen, Belgian worker's union leader
  • Aug 23 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, born in Wyoming, New York (d. 1927)
  • Aug 27 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist/bishop of Bridge
  • Sep 2 Roger Wolcott, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 5 Jesse James, American outlaw, son of a clergyman, born in Kearney, Missouri (d. 1882)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Sep 14 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England
  • Sep 20 Sergei G Netsjajev, Russian nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary)
  • Sep 30 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • Oct 1 Annie Besant, [Wood], English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Oct 6 Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor, born in Marburg, Germany (d. 1921)
  • Oct 9 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburg's coal basin), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • Oct 9 Stephanus Jacobus du Toit, South African theologist and journalist (Afrikaner Bond), born in Paarl, South Africa (d. 1911)
  • Oct 22 Jacobus Herculas [Uncle Koos] de la Rey, South African politician
  • Oct 31 Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Livorno Ferraris, Italy (d. 1897)
  • Nov 2 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1922)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager and author (Dracula), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1912)

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
  • Nov 8 Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (d. 1907)
  • Nov 16 Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (d. 1927)
  • Nov 26 Maria Fyodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia (d. 1928)
  • Dec 7 Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader
  • Dec 17 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (d. 1916)
  • Dec 30 John Peter Altgeld, German/US (Gov-Ill)/pardoned Haymarket-anarchists

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 28 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 4 Author of Moby-Dick, American novelist Herman Melville (28) marries Elizabeth Shaw, daughter of Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 23 Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell (24) weds Harriet Moore

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83
  • Jan 14 Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • Jan 30 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, dies of tuberculosis at 24
  • Feb 15 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)
  • Feb 17 William Collins, landscape painter, dies
  • Mar 9 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset), dies of breast cancer at 47
  • Mar 29 Auguste De Polignac, premier France, dies at 66
  • Apr 30 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, dies at 75
  • May 20 Mary Lamb, British writer (Tales from Shakespeare), dies at 82
  • May 29 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (b. 1766)
  • May 31 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), dies at 67
  • Jun 7 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • Jun 9 Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher/poet (Orphée), dies
  • Jun 11 John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
  • Jul 1 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61
  • Jul 11 Joachim G le Sage at Trousers, RC foreman/publicist, dies at 71
  • Sep 13 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
  • Sep 23 Henri MG earl the Merode, Belgium revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65)
  • Oct 8 Rose Scott, Social Reformer
  • Oct 22 Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
  • Dec 11 Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25
  • Dec 17 Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, second wife of Napoleon (b. 1791)