On This Day

July 1850 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
  • Jul 2 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia

Historic Event

Jul 10 Millard Fillmore sworn in as President of US (replacing Taylor)

  • Jul 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie
  • Jul 15 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K. Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 11 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • Jul 12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, born in Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Francesca Xavier Cabrini [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • Jul 18 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)

Deaths in History

Robert Peel

Jul 2 Robert Peel, British politician, British Prime Minister (1834-5, 1841-46) founder of the Conservative Party and London Police (called Bobbies after him), dies at 62

  • Jul 4 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, dies at 90
  • Jul 8 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • Jul 9 Bab [Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad], Persian founder of Babism, executed by firing squad on orders of the Persian government at 30

Zachary Taylor

Jul 9 Zachary Taylor, 12th US President (1849-50) and major general in the Mexican–American War, dies in the White House of an unknown digestive ailment at 65 after reportedly consuming copious amounts of raw fruit and iced milk

  • Jul 12 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
  • Jul 14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • Jul 19 Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
  • Jul 19 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist, activist and journalist (Women in the Nineteenth Century), dies in a shipwreck at 40