On This Day

March 1853 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 2 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
  • Mar 3 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • Mar 4 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • Mar 4 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP

Historic Publication

Mar 24 Anti-slavery newspaper "The Provincial Freeman" first published in Windsor, Ontario, edited by Samuel Ringgold Ward and Mary Ann Shadd Cary, first black woman publisher in North America

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 5 Howard Pyle, illustrator/painter/author (King Stork)
  • Mar 14 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1918)
  • Mar 28 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1929)

Vincent van Gogh

Mar 30 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands (d. 1890)


Deaths in History

  • Mar 4 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78
  • Mar 5 August Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, dies at 75
  • Mar 8 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62