February 1854 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 2 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • Feb 4 Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party" in Ripon, Wisconsin
  • Feb 11 For the 1st time coal gas is used to light major streets in San Francisco
  • Feb 17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • Feb 22 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
  • Feb 23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • Feb 28 Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 9 Aletta Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician and women's suffrage activist, born in Sappemeer, Netherlands (d. 1929)
  • Feb 9 Edward Carson, Irish Unionist politician and lawyer (Irish Unionist Party), born in Dublin, United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • Feb 17 Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German steel and arms manufacturer (Krupp AG. - supplied the German Navy), born in Essen, Province of Westphalia (d. 1902)
  • Feb 24 Franz Courtens, Belgian landscape painter (Golden Rain) (d. 1943)
  • Feb 25 Charles Lang Freer, American industrialist and art collector; endowed Smithsonian's Freer Gallery of Art, born in Kingston New York (d. 1919)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 17 Hugues Felicit√© Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), dies at 71
  • Feb 17 John Martin, English painter and engraver, dies at 64