On This Day

November 1859 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.

MurderMurder of Interest

Nov 2 Abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, conspiring slaves to revolt and treason against Virginia and sentenced to hang

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • Nov 12 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • Nov 16 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Groza" (The Storm) premieres in Moscow

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 24 English naturalist Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" radically changing the view of evolution and laying the foundation for evolutionary biology

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 26 Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical "All the Year Round"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Charles Brantley Aycock, 50th Governor of North Carolina (1901-05), born in Wayne County, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • Nov 13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • Nov 14 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general (Battle of Tennenberg), born in Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1914)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), born in Skotselv, Øvre Eiker, Norway (d. 1960)

Person of interestBilly the Kid

Nov 23 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Nov 24 Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)

Deaths in History


Person of interestWashington Irving

Nov 28 Washington Irving, American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), dies of a heart attack at 76