On This Day

April 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 5 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • Apr 8 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)

Battle of InterestBattle of Fort Sumter

Apr 12 Fort Sumter in South Carolina is attacked by the Confederacy, beginning the American Civil War

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The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
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  • Apr 13 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • Apr 14 Formal Union surrender of Fort Sumter (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 16 US President Abraham Lincoln outlaws business with Confederate States (US Civil War)
  • Apr 17 Indianola TX - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
  • Apr 17 Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Apr 19 Baltimore riots - 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • Apr 19 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • Apr 25 Battle of Lavaca, fought in Texas, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Apr 25 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)
  • Apr 27 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)
  • Apr 27 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 30 US President Abraham Lincoln orders Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet, born in Fredericton, New Brunswick (d. 1929)
  • Apr 19 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, born in Beselare, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, British Fieldmarshal, General at Battle of Megiddo, born in Brackenhurst, England (d. 1936)
  • Apr 27 Johan Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte), born in Øsløs, Thisted, Denmark (d. 1936)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 John McLean, American Supreme Court Justice (1829-61) and Postmaster General, dies at 76

Person of interestElisha Otis

Apr 8 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Apr 11 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (b. 1824)