On This Day

December 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 9 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • Dec 9 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • Dec 13 Battle of Alleghany Summit, West Virginia
  • Dec 19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • Dec 20 Battle of Dranesville, VA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 Associated Banks in NYC halt gold payments to government and investors, to disrupt Abraham Lincoln's US bank reform program

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 5 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Roussillon, France (d. 1944)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 15 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 14 Albert, English prince consort & husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

Dec 14 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) & Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dies at 76

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • Dec 26 Philip St. George Cocke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), commits suicide at 52