On This Day

February 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 1 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • Feb 1 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • Feb 2 The "Organized Incorporated Territory of Nevada" is created, lasting until October 31st, 1864

Historic Event

Feb 4 Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War)

  • Feb 5 Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia
  • Feb 5 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
  • Feb 6 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • Feb 6 British Vice-Admiral Robert Fitzroy issues first storm warnings for ships
  • Feb 8 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
  • Feb 9 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • Feb 9 Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)

Constitution of the United States

Feb 9 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)

Historic Event

Feb 11 US President-elect Abraham Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.

  • Feb 11 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • Feb 12 State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas, during the US Civil War
  • Feb 13 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • Feb 13 Abraham Lincoln declared US President in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13 Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
  • Feb 15 Fort Point, in San Francisco, California, completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)

Abraham Lincoln, the Presidential Icon

Feb 16 Abraham Lincoln stops his train at Westfield on his way to Washington to thank 11-year old Grace Bedell in person for her advice to grow a beard to gain more votes

Historic Event

Feb 18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy

  • Feb 20 Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) forms (US Civil War)
  • Feb 21 Steeple of Chichester Cathedral collapses despite the desperate efforts of 70 workmen
  • Feb 21 Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
  • Feb 22 On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
  • Feb 23 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • Feb 27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • Feb 27 US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, British geographer ( Britain and the British Seas), born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 10 Francis Danby, Irish painter, dies at 67
  • Feb 18 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, dies at 74
  • Feb 21 Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish botanist and founder of Laestadianism, dies at 61