On This Day

June 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 1st skirmish in US Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia
  • Jun 1 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • Jun 1 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, Virginia
  • Jun 1 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • Jun 3 1st American Civil War land battle: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia
  • Jun 5 Federal marshals seize arms and gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • Jun 6 Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
  • Jun 8 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • Jun 8 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union
  • Jun 10 Battle of Big Bethel Virginia (Bethel Church, Great Bethal)-Union retreats
  • Jun 12 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 15 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry
  • Jun 16 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • Jun 17 Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • Jun 19 Anaheim Post Office established
  • Jun 19 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • Jun 24 Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia Union forces attack Confederate batteries
  • Jun 24 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • Jun 25 Western Virginia campaign
  • Jun 28 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • Jun 30 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 9 Floris H Verster [van Wulverhorst], Dutch painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Jun 10 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • Jun 10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 José Trindade Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores), born in Mogadouro, Portugal (d. 1908)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

Jun 19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig

Person of interestJose Rizal

Jun 19 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Jun 20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (Commander of the East Asia Squadron during WWI), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), born in Le Sueur, Minnesota (d. 1939)

Deaths in History

  • Jun 1 John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war
  • Jun 3 Stephen A. Douglas, American politician, US senator from Illinois (Lincoln-Douglas debates), dies at 48
  • Jun 5 John Garland, US Union colonel/brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Jun 6 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • Jun 6 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
  • Jun 25 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

Jun 29 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55