Year 1862 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 25 First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America
  • Apr 20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard
  • Apr 29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • May 20 US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)
  • Jun 2 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War
  • Jun 19 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Aug 29 Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • Aug 30 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces
  • Sep 4 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)
  • Sep 17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • Sep 22 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]
  • Sep 23 Otto von Bismarck appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I
  • Sep 30 Minister-President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck delivers his famous "Blood and Iron" speech on the unification of German territories
  • Nov 4 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis
  • More Events in History

Historical Marriages

  • Apr 27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Sep 16 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • Sep 23 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician