July 1862 in History

Events in History

Event of Interest

Jul 1 Alexander II of Russia grants Jews right to publish books

  • Jul 1 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • Jul 1 Battle of Malvern Hill [Poindexter's Farm], day 7 of 7 days battles, Union forces repel Confederate attack, Tactical Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Jul 1 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • Jul 1 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • Jul 2 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

Event of Interest

Jul 4 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

  • Jul 4 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • Jul 6 Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • Jul 7 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • Jul 8 Theodore R. Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity

Event of Interest

Jul 8 US Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act signed by Abraham Lincoln (not enforced)

  • Jul 9 General John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • Jul 11 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • Jul 12 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • Jul 12 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • Jul 13 Battle of Murfreesboro, fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee begins (Forrest's Raid), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • Jul 15 CSS Arkansas vs USS Carondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo River

Event of Interest

Jul 16 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy

  • Jul 17 John Hunt Morgan's raid reaches Cynthiana, Kentucky
  • Jul 17 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River Mississippi: USS Potomac Expedition
  • Jul 17 United army officially divides corps
  • Jul 17 US army authorized to accept African-Americans as laborers
  • Jul 18 Battle of Newburgh, Indiana - captured by Union forces
  • Jul 20 Guerrilla campaign in Georgia (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20]
  • Jul 23 President Lincoln names Army of the Potomac Gen. Henry Halleck as US Army General-in-Chief
  • Jul 27 Massive typhoon hits Canton and Whampoa in China; at least 40,000 die
  • Jul 27 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns and sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • Jul 28 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Missouri
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • Jul 14 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • Jul 14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (The Kiss), born in Baumgarten, Austria-Hungary (d. 1918)
  • Jul 16 Ida B. Wells (-Barnett), American journalist, civil rights activist, and co-founder of the NAACP, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi (d. 1931)
  • Jul 18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Jul 18 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • Jul 31 Steve Fairbairn, British rower and coach (Jesus College Boat Club, Cambridge University), Geelong, Victoria, Australia (d. 1938)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 5 Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 62
  • Jul 15 David Emanuel Twiggs, US Confederate gen-mjr (Monterrey), dies at 72