On This Day

1863 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 252

  • Jan 1 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city

USAEmancipation Proclamation

Jan 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states

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The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln
The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln
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  • Jan 2 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4 The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 10 January uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11 Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11 Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13 Chenille yarn making machine patented by William Canter in NYC
  • Jan 14 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana

  • Jan 15 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Feb 7 HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189
  • Feb 10 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane of Virginia
  • Feb 24 Arizona Territory created
  • Feb 24 Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Feb 25 Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Abraham Lincoln signs National Currency Act, establishes single national US currency

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 28 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • Mar 3 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

  • Mar 3 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4 Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 17 Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia with 211 causalities
  • Mar 19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded to six army soldiers by US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in Washington
  • Mar 25 Skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Mar 26 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31 Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi and Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia
  • Apr 1 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10 Confederate General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee
  • Apr 11 Battle of Suffolk, Virginia (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • Apr 13 Battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana (Fort Bisland)
  • Apr 13 Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled is incorporated in the State of New York
  • Apr 14 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17 Grierson's raid begins as Colonel Grierson and 1700 horse troopers set off from La Grange, Tennessee
  • Apr 19 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24 Skirmish at Okolona and Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • May 1 Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled first opens its doors in New York City, oldest orthopaedic hospital in the United States
  • May 1 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, 29,000 injured or died
  • May 1 Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1 Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1 Confederate congress passes resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2 South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Stonewall Jackson attacking Chancellorsville is wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3 Battle of Salem Church, Virginia
  • May 3 The Second Battle of Fredericksburg occurs in Virginia, part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of the American Civil War
  • May 4 Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • May 4 End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • May 8 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12 Battle of Raymond, Mississippi
  • May 14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi takes place

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
Painter Camille Pissarro
Painter
Camille Pissarro
Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • May 16 Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi - bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17 Battle of Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • May 17 Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language
  • May 18 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi begins
  • May 19 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 22 War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan
  • May 27 CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River, Georgia, 18 die
  • May 27 Siege of Port Hudson in Louisiana by Union forces. Lasts 48 days, longest American military siege
  • May 28 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in US Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • Jun 5 Battle of Franklin's Crossing, Virginia (Deep Run)
  • Jun 5 CSS Alabama captures "Talisman" in the Mid Atlantic

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator, born in Valkenburg, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer & politician, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1946)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

Jan 17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 Henri Berr, French philosopher (Revue de synthèse), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1954)
  • Feb 9 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • Feb 17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • May 5 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • May 14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 18 William Heinemann, English publisher (Heinnemann), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1920)
  • May 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • May 28 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • May 31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • Jun 4 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, born in Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • Jun 10 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Jun 11 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Jun 13 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • Jun 17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29 James Harvey Robinson, American historian (Ordeal of Civilization), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), born in Nice, France (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestHenry Ford

Jul 30 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • Aug 15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1918)
  • Aug 30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), born in Aubonne, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)

  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • Oct 13 Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer and inventor (Rateau steam turbine), born in Royan, France (d. 1930)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Nov 8 René Viviani, French historian and 61st Prime Minister of France (1914-15), born in Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (d. 1925)
  • Nov 11 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

Nov 14 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1944)

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Nov 18 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, born in Hermsdorf, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Nov 21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)
  • Nov 30 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus), born in McGregor, Iowa (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and investor, born in Thompson, Ohio (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Forest King), born in Velika Moštanica, Principality of Serbia (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party), born in Scuol, Switzerland

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Dec 11 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Dec 12 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Dec 15 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

Dec 18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno), born in Senigallia, Italy (d. 1939)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 10 P. T. Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb & Mercy Lavinia Warren, both midgets, in NYC

LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 10 Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 28 Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Roger Weightman Hanson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
  • Jan 10 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • Jan 15 David Rumph Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 37
  • Jan 17 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, dies at 73
  • Mar 11 Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • Mar 17 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • Mar 21 Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • Mar 28 James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brigadier general, dies at 52
  • Apr 4 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, dies at 73
  • Apr 10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • Apr 17 Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general and cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • May 1 Edward D. Tracy, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 29
  • May 3 Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 35
  • May 7 Amiel Weeks Whipple, US Union gen-major, dies of injuries at 46

Person of interestStonewall Jackson

May 10 Stonewall Jackson [Thomas Jonathan], Confederate general during the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 39

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 16 Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • May 27 Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • May 28 Edmund Kirby Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 23
  • Jun 9 Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis, Union major, dies in battle at 30
  • Jun 17 Isham W Garrott, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Jun 26 Andrew Hull Foote, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 56
  • Jun 27 Martin E Green, Confederate brigadier general, shot dead at 38
  • Jul 1 John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
  • Jul 2 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 28
  • Jul 3 William Barksdale, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in the Battle of Gettysburg while leading his brigade's attack at 41
  • Jul 3 Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • Jul 3 Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46
  • Jul 3 Little Crow [Ta-oya-te-duta], Santee Sioux indian chief, dies
  • Jul 3 Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • Jul 3 Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40
  • Jul 3 Richard B. Garnett, American Confederate Brigadier General, killed during Pickett's Charge, Battle of Gettysburg at 45
  • Jul 3 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, dies at 37
  • Jul 3 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 25
  • Jul 4 Paul Joseph Revere, American grandson of Paul Revere, Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 30
  • Jul 6 Strong Vincent, American army officer (fought at Battle of Gettysburg), dies at 26 fighting at the Little Round Top in Gettysburg
  • Jul 8 Francis Kenrick, Irish-American Archbishop of Baltimore (1851-63), dies at 65
  • Jul 10 Clement Clarke Moore, American Professor and writer ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
  • Jul 10 Paul Jones Semmes, American businessman and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 48
  • Jul 13 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 32
  • Jul 17 J. Johnston Pettigrew, American lawyer and Confederate General in the American Civil War, dies at 35
  • Jul 18 William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate Major General, dies of injuries at 29

Person of interestSam Houston

Jul 26 Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Jul 27 William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • Jul 28 James Deshler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 30
  • Jul 29 Edward Needle Kirk, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at about 35
  • Jul 30 George Crockett Strong, US Union gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
  • Aug 8 Angus MacAskill known as 'Giant MacAskill', circus performer (b.1825)
  • Aug 13 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), dies at 65
  • Aug 14 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • Aug 18 Thomas Welsh, US Union brigadier general (Antietam), dies at 39
  • Aug 26 John B Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, dies of failing health at 57
  • Sep 6 Lucius March Walker, Confederate brigadier general (in duel), dies at 33
  • Sep 17 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), dies at 59
  • Sep 17 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), dies at 66
  • Sep 19 Preston Smith, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Sep 20 Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 33

Person of interestJacob Grimm

Sep 20 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", dies at 78

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • Sep 20 William Haines Lytle, US politician, poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), killed in action during the American Civil War at 36
  • Oct 2 Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • Oct 4 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
  • Oct 21 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • Oct 31 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies at 51
  • Nov 2 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • Nov 13 Carnot Posey, Confederate brig-general, dies after being wounded in the Battle of Bristoe Station at 45
  • Nov 15 Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (1848-63), dies at 55
  • Nov 20 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), dies at 52
  • Nov 24 Claudius Charles Wilson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia at 32
  • Dec 2 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, dies of tuberculosis at 57
  • Dec 13 Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • Dec 22 Michael Corcoran, Union brigadier general, dies at 36
  • Dec 24 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), dies at 52