On This Day

1864 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 335

  • Jan 11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • Jan 14 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • Jan 16 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 17 General James Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem, Tennessee

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Jan 21 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • Jan 27 Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • Jan 27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • Jan 28 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • Feb 1 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • Feb 1 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • Feb 2 -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Feb 3 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • Feb 4 Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • Feb 5 Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • Feb 5 Danish army begins its withdrawal from Danevirke to Dybbøl through driven snow, last time the Danes would occupy Danevirke, symbol of Danish identity

  • Feb 6 -7] Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
  • Feb 7 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • Feb 13 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi
  • Feb 15 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • Feb 16 Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • Feb 17 Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic - world' first successful submarine attack
  • Feb 19 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • Feb 20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • Feb 21 -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
  • Feb 21 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • Feb 22 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • Feb 22 2nd and last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • Feb 22 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Battle of Dug Hill), Tennessee
  • Feb 24 -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard's Roost)
  • Feb 27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • Feb 27 Near Andersonville, Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • Feb 28 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • Feb 28 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • Mar 1 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • Mar 5 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Mar 9 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Mar 10 Ulysses S. Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • Mar 10 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • Mar 11 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles killing at least 240, in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
  • Mar 11 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield
  • Mar 14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • Mar 15 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • Mar 21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • Mar 23 Encounter at Camden, Arkansas
  • Mar 25 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
  • Mar 29 Great Britain gives the Ionian Islands back to Greece
  • Mar 29 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • Mar 30 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Spoonville, Antoine, Arkansas
  • Apr 3 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • Apr 4 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
  • Apr 8 Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana; Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • Apr 9 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • Apr 9 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • Apr 12 Battle of Blair's Landing, Louisiana

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 12 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Apr 15 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
  • Apr 17 Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
  • Apr 17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • Apr 17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • Apr 18 Battle of Poison Springs, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War
  • Apr 22 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • Apr 23 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
  • Apr 25 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 29 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
  • Apr 29 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York

Victory in BattleBattle of Gate Pā

Apr 29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga

Learn More
Māori and British troops clash at the pā
Māori and British troops clash at the pā
Learn More
  • Apr 30 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
  • Apr 30 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • May 1 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • May 1 Atlanta campaign, Georgia begins
  • May 3 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault

  • May 4 -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia
  • May 4 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River
  • May 5 Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • May 5 Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • May 5 Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • May 5 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta
  • May 6 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, fought in Virginia begins (Battle of Port Walthall Junction), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • May 6 Battle of Wilderness, fought in Virginia, Confederate General James Longstreet seriously injured (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 6 Union Army General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign (US Civil War)
  • May 7 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • May 7 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton
  • May 8 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins
  • May 9 -20] Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
  • May 9 Battle of Cloyd's Mt, & Swift Creek, Virginia (Drewery's Bluff, Fort Darling)
  • May 9 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • May 10 Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
  • May 10 Skirmish at Ny River, Virginia
  • May 11 Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 General J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • May 12 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, fought in Chesterfield County, Virginia (Peninsula Campaign), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • May 12 Battle of Spotsylvania, fought near Courthouse, Virginia (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • May 12 Battle of Todd's Tavern, cavalry battle fought near Todds Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid), inconclusive result (US Civil War)

Birthdays in History

Person of interestAlfred Stieglitz

Jan 1 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz

Person of interestQi Baishi

Jan 1 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)

Painter Qi Baishi
Qi Baishi
  • Jan 8 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • Jan 9 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)

Person of interestGeorge Washington Carver

Jan 10 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jul 12] (d. 1943)

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • Jan 10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • Jan 11 Thomas Dixon, US attorney/playwright (Flaming Sword)
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • Jan 15 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)
  • Jan 17 Lucien Herr, French intellectual and librarian (École Normale Supérieure), born in Altkirch, Haut-Rhin, France (d. 1926)
  • Jan 24 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • Jan 25 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian & writer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1934)
  • Jan 28 Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
  • Feb 6 John Henry Mackay, Scottish-born German writer (Anarchists), born in Greenock, United Kingdom (d. 1933)
  • Feb 14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • Feb 14 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), born in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • Feb 17 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • Feb 19 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • Feb 22 Jules Renard, French writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • Mar 4 David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
  • Mar 12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • Mar 13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • Mar 14 Casey [John] Jones, American railroad engineer who dies trying to save a train (Ballad of Casey Jones), born in Missouri (d. 1900)
  • Mar 18 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • Mar 19 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • Mar 30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician
  • Apr 1 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • Apr 9 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • Apr 18 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • Apr 21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Apr 22 Phil May, English cartoonist, born in Wortley, Leeds (d. 1903)
  • Apr 24 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 George Foottit, English clown, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1921)
  • Apr 28 William Frederick Archdall Ellison, Irish clergyman and director (Armagh Observatory)
  • Apr 30 Frans Netscher, Dutch writer and journalist (Studies of nude model), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Apr 30 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • May 18 Jan P. Veth, Bayern, Dutch painter, etcher, lithographer and art historian
  • May 19 Carl Akeley, American taxidermist and naturalist who developed the animal mount process and other techniques for museums, born in Clarendon, New York (d. 1926)
  • May 21 Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
  • May 27 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Jun 3 Ransom Eli Olds, American auto (Oldsmobile) & truck (REO) manufacturer, born in Geneva, Ohio (d. 1950)
  • Jun 13 Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist and politician who first coined the term "geopolitics", born in Torsö, Sweden (d. 1922)
  • Jun 13 Dwight B. Waldo, American educator (first President of Western Michigan University), born in Arcade, New York (d. 1939)
  • Jun 14 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease), born in Marktbreit, Bavaria (d. 1915)
  • Jun 20 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • Jun 21 Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1945)
  • Jun 22 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
  • Jun 25 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), born in Briesen, West Prussia (d. 1941)
  • Jun 29 Pietro Bonfante, Italian lawyer (Roman law) and historian, born in Poggio Mirteto, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Jun 29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
  • Jul 11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher, born in Nikolaevka, Bulgaria (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jan 10] (d. 1934)
  • Jul 13 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jul 18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • Jul 18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • Jul 20 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
  • Jul 21 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)

Person of interestEleftherios Venizelos

Aug 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece (1910-15, 1917-20, 1924, 1928-32, 1933), born in Mournies, Chania, Crete, Ottoman Empire (d. 1936) [NS=23 Aug]

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • Aug 16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • Aug 23 Eleftherios K. Venizalos, Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32), born in Mournies, Greece (d. 1936)
  • Sep 1 Roger David Casement, Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916)
  • Sep 14 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • Sep 22 Louis Van Deyssel, writer (Small Republic, One Love)
  • Sep 23 Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Sep 27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Sep 28 Barry Pain, English writer (Punch), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1928)
  • Sep 29 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)
  • Oct 5 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • Oct 8 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, born in Saint-Hilaire-de-Rouville, Quebec (d. 1955)
  • Oct 10 T. Frank Appleby, American Republican Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Old Bridge Township, New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • Oct 14 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • Oct 17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • Oct 20 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • Oct 25 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • Oct 28 Adolfo Camarillo, American prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher, born in Ventura, California (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • Nov 11 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • Nov 11 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), born in Chili, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • Nov 20 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Nov 23 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • Nov 24 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (At the Moulin Rouge)
  • Nov 26 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Nov 28 Carel Adolph Lion Cachet, Dutch lithographer and wood carver, born in Amsterdam (d. 1945)
  • Nov 28 James Allen, English writer (As a Man Thinketh), born in Leicester, England (d. 1912)
  • Nov 28 Lindley M. Garrison, American lawyer and 46th U.S. Secretary of War (1913-16), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • Dec 3 Herman Heijermans, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • Dec 12 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, born in Saint Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • Dec 13 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • Dec 23 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)
  • Dec 27 René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)
  • Dec 31 Robert G Aitken, American astronomer (Binary Stars), born in Jackson, California (d. 1951)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 16 White chapel murder victim and possible Jack the Ripper victim Mary Ann Nichols (18) weds printer's machinist William Nichols

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols

LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 9 Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Clift Bacon

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 8 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, dies at 55
  • Jan 24 Stephen Gardner Champlin, brigadier general (Union), dies at about 36
  • Jan 27 Leo von Klenze, German neoclassical architect (Walhalla), dies at 59
  • Jan 28 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • Jan 31 Hamilton Rowan Gamble, American judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies
  • Feb 1 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, dies at 44
  • Feb 15 William Dyce, painter, dies
  • Feb 19 William Edwin Baldwin, US Confederate brigadier general, dies
  • Feb 21 Jeffery Forrest, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Feb 26 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (Prime Minister of the Province of Canada), dies at 56
  • Mar 3 Ulric Dahlgren, Union colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • Mar 4 Thomas Starr King, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity), dies
  • Mar 10 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), dies at 52
  • Mar 16 Robert Smith Surtees, British novelist (Jorrocks’s Jaunts and Jollities), dies at 58
  • Mar 17 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 53
  • Mar 21 Luke Howard, British manufacturing chemist and meteorologist (nomenclature system for clouds), dies at 91
  • Mar 27 Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • Apr 2 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, dies at 38
  • Apr 4 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • Apr 12 Thomas Green, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 50
  • Apr 22 Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem), dies at 80

Person of interestAbraham Gesner

Apr 29 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), dies at 66

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • May 5 Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • May 5 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 43
  • May 5 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 42
  • May 6 Henry Livermore Abbott, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • May 6 Micah Jenkins, Confederate brigadier general (friendly fire), dies at 28
  • May 8 James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • May 9 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), is shot in battle after claiming "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance" at 50
  • May 9 Thomas D. Doubleday, American bookstore owner & Union Army officer, dies in an accident at 48
  • May 10 James Clay Rice, lawyer/Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 34
  • May 10 Thomas Greeley Stevenson, Union brigadier general, dies at about 27
  • May 12 Abner Monroe Perrin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 37

Person of interestJ.E.B. Stuart

May 12 J.E.B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General, dies at 31

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • May 13 Junius Daniel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 35
  • May 14 William N Green Jr, Union brigadier general, dies
  • May 16 Lean Bear, Cheyenne chief, murdered
  • May 18 James Byron Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 41

Person of interestNathaniel Hawthorne

May 19 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (The Scarlet Letter), dies at 59

  • May 20 John Clare, English poet (Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery), dies at 70
  • May 26 Charles Sealsfield, Austrian-American writer, dies at 71
  • May 28 Henry H Giesy, US Union-brigadier general, dies in battle
  • May 28 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician, dies at 55
  • May 30 James Barbour Terrill, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 26
  • Jun 1 Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of African Americans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
  • Jun 1 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
  • Jun 2 George Pierce Doles, US businessman/Confed brigadier general, dies at 34
  • Jun 3 James P McMahon, US Union colonel (164th NY), dies in battle
  • Jun 3 Peter A Porter, US Union colonel (8th NY), dies in battle
  • Jun 4 Nassau William Senior, British economist (New Poor Law 1834), dies at 73
  • Jun 5 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Jun 14 Leonidas Polk, Lt. Gen. (Confederate Army), killed in action in Battle of Pine Mt at 58
  • Jun 15 Haller Nutt, American rich Southern Plantation owner (Longwood house - largest octagonal house in the US), dies at 48
  • Jun 19 George Lincoln Prescott, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 35
  • Jun 27 Charles Garrison Harker, US Union-brigadier general, dies at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain battle at 26
  • Jul 6 Samuel Allen Rice, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 36
  • Jul 16 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 27
  • Jul 17 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 29
  • Jul 17 Dirk Dark Curtius, attorney/liberal minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • Jul 22 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • Jul 22 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), killed in action at 47 during the Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 25 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 42
  • Jul 27 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • Jul 27 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), dies at 54
  • Jul 28 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • Jul 31 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), dies at 64
  • Aug 5 Griffin A Stedman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies in battle at 26
  • Aug 7 Li Xiucheng, late Taiping's Field Marshal and soul person.(b. 1823)
  • Aug 12 Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • Aug 15 Daniel Phineas Woodbury, US engineer/Union general-major, dies
  • Aug 16 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • Aug 20 Daniel Chaplin, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • Aug 20 John H Kelly, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 21 John Calhoun Sanders, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 31 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), dies at 39
  • Sep 4 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader (b. 1825)
  • Sep 15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37
  • Sep 17 Walter Savage Landor, English poet and writer (Imaginary Conversations), dies at 89
  • Sep 19 Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), dies in battle at 43
  • Sep 19 Robert Emmet Rodes, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 35
  • Sep 23 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), dies at 23
  • Sep 29 Hiram Burnham, US Union-colonel (Chancellorsville), dies in battle
  • Oct 1 John Dunovant, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 1 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • Oct 1 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), dies at 64
  • Oct 4 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • Oct 7 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 7 John Gregg, American judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • Oct 8 Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brigadier general, dies at about 34
  • Oct 10 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • Oct 12 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • Oct 18 David Bell Birney, US lawyer/Union general-major, dies at 39
  • Oct 19 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brigadier general, dies in battle at 45
  • Oct 20 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 27
  • Oct 24 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
  • Oct 26 "Bloody Bill" Anderson, American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader, killed by union troops at 24 or 25
  • Nov 3 Antonio Goncalves Dias, Brazilian national poet, dies at sea
  • Nov 23 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, dies at 71