On This Day

January 1864 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • Jan 14 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Historic Event

Jan 14 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • Jan 16 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee

Battle of Interest

Jan 17 General James Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem, Tennessee

  • Jan 21 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • Jan 27 Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • Jan 27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • Jan 28 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina

Birthdays in History

Alfred Stieglitz

Jan 1 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Qi Baishi

Jan 1 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)

  • Jan 8 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • Jan 9 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)

George Washington Carver

Jan 10 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jul 12] (d. 1943)

  • Jan 10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • Jan 11 Thomas Dixon, US attorney/playwright (Flaming Sword)
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • Jan 15 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)
  • Jan 17 Lucien Herr, French intellectual and librarian (École Normale Supérieure), born in Altkirch, Haut-Rhin, France (d. 1926)
  • Jan 24 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • Jan 25 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian & writer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1934)
  • Jan 28 Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)

Weddings in History

Mary Ann Nichols

Jan 16 White chapel murder victim and possible Jack the Ripper victim Mary Ann Nichols (18) weds printer's machinist William Nichols

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, dies at 55
  • Jan 24 Stephen Gardner Champlin, brigadier general (Union), dies at about 36
  • Jan 27 Leo von Klenze, German neoclassical architect (Walhalla), dies at 59
  • Jan 28 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • Jan 31 Hamilton Rowan Gamble, American judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies