On This Day

July 1864 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 2 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 5 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood

Historic Event

Jul 18 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign

Victory in Battle

Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties

  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station, Georgia
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon, Georgia
  • Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • Jul 27 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • Jul 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia

Battle of Interest

Jul 28 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642

  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia, 3rd and last day
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
  • Jul 30 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • Jul 30 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater

Historic Event

Jul 31 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers


Birthdays in History

  • Jul 11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher, born in Nikolaevka, Bulgaria (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jan 10] (d. 1934)
  • Jul 13 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jul 18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • Jul 18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • Jul 20 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
  • Jul 21 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 Samuel Allen Rice, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 36
  • Jul 16 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 27
  • Jul 17 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 29
  • Jul 17 Dirk Dark Curtius, attorney/liberal minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • Jul 22 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • Jul 22 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), killed in action at 47 during the Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 25 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 42
  • Jul 27 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • Jul 27 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), dies at 54
  • Jul 28 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • Jul 31 Louis Christophe Fran├žois Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), dies at 64