October 1864 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • Oct 1 John Summerfield Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for US President Abraham Lincoln
  • Oct 2 Battle of Saltville, VA
  • Oct 4 National black convention meets in Syracuse, New York
  • Oct 4 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • Oct 5 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • Oct 5 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • Oct 7 -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, VA
  • Oct 7 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 9 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • Oct 11 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • Oct 11 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
  • Oct 13 Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • Oct 13 Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered

BattleBattle of Interest

Oct 13 Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Mosby's Raid)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • Oct 13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • Oct 15 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • Oct 19 Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont
  • Oct 19 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers
  • Oct 19 US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to Major General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Oct 21 Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
  • Oct 23 Battle of Westport, Missouri: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • Oct 25 Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • Oct 26 Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson near Albany, Missouri
  • Oct 27 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • Oct 27 Second Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmond
  • Oct 27 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch
  • Oct 28 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • Oct 28 Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
  • Oct 28 Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
  • Oct 29 Greek parliament accept new Constitution
  • Oct 30 Helena, Montana's capital, founded
  • Oct 31 Nevada admitted as 36th state of the Union

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 5 Louis Lumière, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895
  • Oct 8 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, born in Saint-Hilaire-de-Rouville, Quebec (d. 1955)
  • Oct 10 T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • Oct 14 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental)
  • Oct 17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • Oct 20 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1951)
  • Oct 25 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • Oct 28 Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 John Dunovant, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 1 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • Oct 1 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), dies at 64
  • Oct 4 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • Oct 7 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 7 John Gregg, US judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • Oct 8 Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brigadier general, dies at about 34
  • Oct 10 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • Oct 12 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • Oct 18 David Bell Birney, US lawyer/Union general-major, dies at 39
  • Oct 19 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brigadier general, dies in battle at 45
  • Oct 20 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Confederate gen-major, dies at 27
  • Oct 24 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
  • Oct 26 "Bloody Bill" Anderson, American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader, killed by union troops at 24 or 25