On This Day

December 1865 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 5 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • Dec 6 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • Dec 18 1st US cattle importation law passed
  • Dec 20 De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens
  • Dec 24 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tennessee
  • Dec 26 James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator

Birthdays in History

Edith Cavell

Dec 4 Edith Cavell, British nurse (WWI), born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England (d. 1915)

  • Dec 8 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), born in Versailles, France (d. 1963)
  • Dec 16 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor
  • Dec 19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • Dec 20 Maud Gonne, English-born Irish revolutionary, born in Tongham, United Kingdom (d. 1953)
  • Dec 20 Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1950)
  • Dec 25 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • Dec 28 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)

Rudyard Kipling

Dec 30 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1936)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • Dec 1 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
  • Dec 10 Leopold I, King of Belgium (1831-65), dies at 74
  • Dec 14 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, dies at 71
  • Dec 24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
  • Dec 30 Henry Winter Davis, American politician and unionist, dies at 48