On This Day

May 1865 in History

Events in History

  • May 4 Battle of Citronelle, Alabama; Richard Taylor surrenders
  • May 5 1st US train robbery (North Bend, Ohio)

Historic Event

May 9 President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation declaring armed resistance in the South is virtually at an end; this is the commonly accepted end date of the American Civil War

  • May 10 Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia (US Civil War)
  • May 10 Major General Sam Jones, the Confederate military leader in Florida, South Carolina and South Georgia, surrenders to Union forces
  • May 11 Confederate Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson surrenders at Jacksonport, Arkansas
  • May 12 Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • May 13 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • May 17 The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established
  • May 23 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • May 23 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot
  • May 26 Battle of Galveston Texas, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith

Birthdays in History

Clyde Fitch

May 2 Clyde Fitch, American playwright (Nathan Hale, The Girl with the Green Eyes), born in Elmira, New York (d. 1909) [1]

Nellie Bly

May 5 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), born in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)

  • May 15 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion)
  • May 23 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • May 25 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony (1904-18), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1932)
  • May 25 John Mott, American evangelist and organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946), born in Livingston Manor, Sullivan County, New York (d. 1955)
  • May 25 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel Prize 1902), born in Zonnemaire, Schouwen-Duiveland (d. 1943)
  • May 26 Robert W. Chambers, American artist and fiction writer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), born in Leerdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Deaths in History

  • May 21 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish Archaeologist, created Stone, Bronze, Iron age system, dies at 76
  • May 25 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, dies at 85
  • May 30 William Clarke Quantrill, criminal/Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27