On This Day

July 1866 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 4 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • Jul 10 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • Jul 20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 24 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Ulysses S. Grant named 1st General of Army

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 26 Canoe Club opens in England

Historic CommunicationLanding of the Atlantic Cable

Jul 27 transatlantic telegraph cable successfully in second attempt comes ashore at Heart's Content, Newfoundland laid out by Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Eastern steamship (1,686 miles long)

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Landing of the Atlantic Cable of 1866, Heart's Content, Newfoundland
Landing of the Atlantic Cable of 1866, Heart's Content, Newfoundland
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  • Jul 28 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)
  • Jul 11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • Jul 11 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • Jul 25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Person of interestBeatrix Potter

Jul 28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

Deaths in History

  • Jul 11 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), commits suicide at 52
  • Jul 20 Faa di Bruno, Italian captain (Er d'italia, Lissa), commits suicide
  • Jul 20 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies at 39