December 1868 in History

Events in History

Historic Event

Dec 2 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli resigns

Appointment of Interest

Dec 3 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

Historic Event

Dec 7 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

  • Dec 9 1st British government of Gladstone forms

Palace of Westminster

Dec 9 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

  • Dec 15 Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō

Historic Event

Dec 25 Despite bitter opposition, US President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)


Birthdays in History

  • Dec 2 Francis Jammes, French poet and writer (Jammisme), born in Tournay, Hautes-Pyrénées, France (d. 1938)
  • Dec 4 Richard Nicolaas Roland Holst, Dutch artist and painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1938)
  • Dec 5 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1951)
  • Dec 9 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1934)

Harvey S. FirestoneHarvey S. Firestone (1868-1938)

Dec 20 American industrialist and founder of Firestone Tire and Rubber Company ("where the rubber meets the road"), born in Columbiana, Ohio

  • Dec 28 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 6 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • Dec 13 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, dies at 74
  • Dec 24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, dies at 66
  • Dec 25 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), dies at 47