On This Day

October 1868 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 1st edition of Maasbode published

Historic Publication

Oct 1 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • Oct 7 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • Oct 10 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • Oct 10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • Oct 17 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • Oct 21 Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
  • Oct 26 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • Oct 30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • Oct 31 Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 4 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8 Max Slevogt, German painter, born in Landshut, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Oct 16 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • Oct 18 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • Oct 19 Bertha Landes, 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • Oct 23 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and writer, born in Saint-Mandé, France (d. 1969)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • Oct 9 Howell Cobb, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Treasury), dies at 53

Laura Secord

Oct 17 Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, dies at 93

  • Oct 23 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Benjamin F. Randolph, American minister and politician (South Carolina state senator), assassinated by members of the KKK at about 48