On This Day

October 1869 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • Oct 5 Man-made tunnel under St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota collapses, threatening the Minneapolis riverfront
  • Oct 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing

Historic Event

Oct 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Playwright
Henrik Ibsen
  • Oct 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore

Birthdays in History

Mahatma Gandhi

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, British India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • Oct 8 J. Frank Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Washburn, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1939)
  • Oct 26 Washington Luís, President of Brazil (1926-30), born in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro (d. 1957)

Weddings in History

Victor Emmanuel II

Oct 18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

Charles Brooke

Oct 28 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

Deaths in History

Franklin Pierce

Oct 8 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies from severe cirrhosis of the liver, at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Oct 13 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French writer (Tableau Historique), dies at 64
  • Oct 22 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64

Edward Smith-Stanley

Oct 23 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), dies at 70

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • Oct 24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83