On This Day

March 1870 in History

Events in History

Battle of Cerro Corá

Mar 1 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

Execution

Mar 4 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

  • Mar 14 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • Mar 17 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • Mar 18 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • Mar 30 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • Mar 30 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Mar 30 Florida territorial government established
  • Mar 31 Thomas Mundy Peterson of Perth Amboy, New Jersey is the first African American to vote in the US under provisions of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, in a local election on town's charter [1]

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • Mar 5 Frank Norris, journalist and writer (McTeague, Octopus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1902)
  • Mar 11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • Mar 13 Albert Meyer, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1929-38), born in Fällanden, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)

Deaths in History

Francisco Solano López

Mar 1 Francisco Solano López, President and Dictator of Paraguay (1862-70), shouts "¡Muero con mi patria!" (I die with my nation) and dies in a struggle with Brazilian soldiers attempting to disarm him at 43

  • Mar 11 Moshoeshoe I, King of Lesotho (1822-70), dies at about 47
  • Mar 28 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)