On This Day

September 1870 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Napoleon III captured at Sedan

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • Sep 4 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • Sep 6 Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
  • Sep 8 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • Sep 10 Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • Sep 15 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • Sep 19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • Sep 20 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 2 Marie Ault [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 4 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • Sep 7 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • Sep 18 Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (American Indian), born in Hagerstown, Indiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 24 Georges Claude, French engineer and inventor (neon light), born in Paris (d. 1960)
  • Sep 26 Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-47), born in Charlottenlund, Denmark (d. 1947)
  • Sep 30 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926), born in Lille, France (d. 1942)
  • Sep 30 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)

Deaths in History

  • Sep 11 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • Sep 12 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), dies at 34
  • Sep 23 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), dies at 66
  • Sep 27 Henry TP Comstock, Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50