On This Day

August 1871 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 29 Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 John French Sloan, American painter and etcher, born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • Aug 3 Vernon Louis Parrington, American author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928), born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • Aug 6 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • Aug 13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Aug 18 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)

Person of interestOrville Wright

Aug 19 Orville Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • Aug 21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • Aug 27 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1945)
  • Aug 29 Albert Lebrun, President of France (1932-40), born in Mercy-le-Haut, France (d. 1950)

Person of interestErnest Rutherford

Aug 30 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • Aug 31 James E. Ferguson, American Democratic politician and Texan Governor (1915-17), born in Salado, Texas (d. 1944)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 27 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), dies at 76