On This Day

March 1871 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18 Communards revolt in Paris

Historic DiscoveryHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

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Welsh journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley with Kalulu who he later adopted
Welsh journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley with Kalulu who he later adopted
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Mar 22 William Holden of North Carolina becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • Mar 28 San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • Mar 26 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, born in Kukui‘ula, Kōloa, Kauaʻi, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • Mar 27 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)

Person of interestArthur Griffith

Mar 31 Arthur Griffith, Irish writer and politician who founded Sinn Féin (President of Ireland 1922), born in Dublin, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1922)

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith

Deaths in History

  • Mar 18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • Mar 19 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • Mar 30 Louise, Dutch-born Queen of Sweden and Norway, dies at 42