1872 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st US state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st African American woman lawyer in USA, graduates from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes world's first national park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC

Civil Rights Activist Victoria Woodhull
Civil Rights Activist
Victoria Woodhull
  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 8 US Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes made openly

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 23 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9 Aaron Montgomery starts his mail-order business
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 29 J S Risdon patents metal windmill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Dec 5 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback takes office as the first African American US Govenor in Louisiana
  • Dec 21 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Edmund Rumpler, Austrian auto/airplane builder
  • Jan 11 George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • Jan 18 Paul Leautaud, [Maurice Boissard], French writer (Petit ami)
  • Jan 21 Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, Dutch foreign minister
  • Jan 23 Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
  • Jan 23 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
  • Jan 24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • Jan 24 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • Jan 27 Learned Hand, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals), born in Albany, New York
  • Jan 31 Zane Grey, American West novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
  • Feb 1 Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
  • Feb 1 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
  • Feb 1 Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
  • Feb 4 Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
  • Feb 6 Theodor Lessing, writer [or Feb 8]
  • Feb 7 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek lawyer/diplomat/foreign minister
  • Feb 10 Anne Anema, Dutch lawyer/journalist/politician (ARP)
  • Feb 11 Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d 1944)

Person of interestPiet Mondrian

Mar 7 Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie), born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Mar 11 Abraham van Stolk Jzn, lumber merchant/art collector
  • Mar 13 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Mar 19 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • Mar 20 Karin Michaelis, writer
  • Mar 25 Vito Pardo, Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)
  • Mar 28 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)
  • Apr 5 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist, born in South Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1962)
  • Apr 7 William Monroe Trotter, Hyde Park, Massachusetts, newspaper editor and African-American rights activist
  • Apr 9 Léon Blum, Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris (d. 1950)
  • Apr 13 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • Apr 18 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, Mauston, Wisconsin, USA, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi
  • Apr 21 GW Bitzer, [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer], Roxbury MA
  • Apr 22 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • Apr 29 Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)
  • May 1 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • May 2 G. G. van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC newspaper)
  • May 6 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (d. 1934)
  • May 10 Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • May 14 Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)

Person of interestBertrand Russell

May 18 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), born in Trellech, England (d. 1970)

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
  • May 21 Henry Warren, inventor (Telechon electric clock), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 28 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)
  • May 31 Charles G Abbot, American astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • May 31 William Heath Robinson, England, illustrator/cartoonist (Don Quixote)
  • Jun 6 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • Jun 20 George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)

Person of interestPaul Laurence Dunbar

Jun 27 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet and novelist (Oak & Ivory), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1906)

  • Jul 1 Louis Bleriot, 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel
  • Jul 3 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)

Person of interestCalvin Coolidge

Jul 4 Calvin Coolidge [Silent Cal], 30th US President (R) (1923-29), born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont (d. 1933)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Jul 5 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), born in Troyes, France (d. 1957)
  • Jul 13 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP

Person of interestRoald Amundsen

Jul 16 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jul 22 David D Salas, Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • Jul 26 George Louis Beer, American historian (authority on British colonies), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1920)
  • Jul 28 Albert P Sarraut, Fren gov-gen of Indo-China (1911..19)/PM (1933/36)
  • Jul 29 Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (d. 1957)
  • Jul 30 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Brussels (d. 1955)
  • Aug 2 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, born in New South Wales, Australia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 3 Haakon VII, King of Norway (1905-57), born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1957)
  • Aug 5 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • Aug 7 Andries C D de Graeff, governor-general of Neth Indies (1926-31)
  • Aug 9 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • Aug 11 Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • Aug 12 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • Aug 13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • Aug 15 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)
  • Aug 21 Aubrey Beardsley, English artist (Salome), born in Brighton, England (d. 1898)
  • Aug 24 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • Sep 9 Delilah L Beasley, US author/columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • Sep 20 Maurice Gamelin, French generalissimo
  • Sep 25 Charles Blake Cochran, English theatrical manager and impresario, born in Sussex, England (d. 1951)
  • Sep 26 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • Sep 28 Tom Terriss, director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England
  • Oct 1 Israel Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee)
  • Oct 6 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • Oct 8 John Cowper Powys, British writer (Wood & Stone, Wolf Solent), born in Shirley, Derbyshire (d. 1963)
  • Oct 11 Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire (d. 1946)
  • Oct 15 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • Oct 18 Josephine CMA, princess of Belgium/nun
  • Oct 27 Emily Post, American authority on social behaviour and writer (Etiquette), born in Baltimore, Maryland [or Oct 3rd, 1873] (d. 1960)
  • Nov 3 Wilfred Trotter, Coleford Gloucestershire, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck
  • Nov 9 Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet, born in Zhukiv, Ukraine (d. 1941)
  • Nov 11 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Nov 15 Robert marquess of Flers, French author (Habit Vert)

Person of interestJohn McCrae

Nov 30 John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario (d. 1918)

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae

Person of interestMichael Joseph Savage

Dec 6 Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-born New Zealand politician and first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-40), born in Tatong, Australia (d. 1940)

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage
  • Dec 7 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
  • Dec 10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves)
  • Dec 16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • Dec 21 Albert P Terhune, American novelist (Lad, a Dog)
  • Dec 22 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • Dec 26 Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)

Person of interestPío Baroja

Dec 28 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 19 Physicist Wilhelm Röntgen (26) weds Anna Bertha Ludwig in Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 17 Jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr (31) weds childhood friend Fanny Bowditch Dixwell

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 20 Inventor Karl Benz (27) weds Bertha Ringer

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 8 Religious leader Brigham Young (71) weds his fifty-fifth wife Hannah Tapfield in Salt Lake City, Utah

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • Jan 14 Greyfriars Bobby, a Skye-Terrier who spent 14 years guarding the grave of his owner John Gray, dies at 16
  • Jan 21 Franz Grillparzer, Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81
  • Feb 21 Pavel P Gagarin, Russian monarch/politician, dies at 82
  • Mar 4 Johannes Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (b. 1790)
  • Mar 10 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • Mar 12 Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
  • Apr 1 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England, dies at 66
  • Apr 1 William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)

Person of interestSamuel Morse

Apr 2 Samuel Morse developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse
  • Apr 9 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)
  • Apr 20 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
  • Apr 27 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician/author, dies at 70
  • May 1 Amalia, princess of Weimar/wife of prince Hendrik the Navigator, dies
  • May 19 Johan van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
  • May 24 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, dies at 78
  • May 29 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), dies at 54

Person of interestJames Gordon Bennett

Jun 1 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), dies at 76

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • Jun 4 Johan R Thorbecke, literature/liberal premier, dies
  • Jun 16 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • Jul 18 Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
  • Jul 28 Friedrich Kaiser, astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies
  • Aug 2 Judocus Smits, Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59
  • Sep 2 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
  • Sep 13 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68
  • Sep 18 Charles XV, King of Sweden and Norway (1859-72), dies at 46
  • Sep 22 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, dies at 70
  • Oct 2 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies at 78

Person of interestWilliam H. Seward

Oct 10 William H. Seward, American politician (Secretary of State, 1861-69, Governor of New York, 1839-42), dies at 71

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward
  • Oct 14 Albrecht FH, prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • Oct 21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • Oct 23 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), dies at 61
  • Nov 7 Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • Nov 23 Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen), US poet/Comanche chief, dies
  • Nov 28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • Nov 29 Cornelius Kreighoff, Canadian, dies
  • Nov 29 Horace Greeley, US founder/publisher (NY Tribune), dies at 61
  • Dec 11 Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (b. 1830)
  • Dec 12 Willem Anne Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • Dec 13 Helena Beeloo, a maid, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 13 W T van der Kouwen-ten Cate, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 24 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, dies at 52
  • Dec 28 James Van Ness, Mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856) (b. 1808)
  • Dec 31 Aleksis Kivi, [Stenvall], Finnish writer/poet (Kanervala), dies at 38