January 1873 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Origin of Japanese Era
  • Jan 6 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"

Crédit Mobilier Scandal

Jan 6 US Congress begins investigating the Crédit Mobilier scandal, a fraud by the Union Pacific Railroad and Crédit Mobilier of America in the construction of the first transcontinental railroad

  • Jan 11 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • Jan 13 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office of Louisiana Governor

Celluloid Trademarked

Jan 14 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark by its inventor John Wesley Hyatt

  • Jan 14 Prominent African American Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate (though never seated due to state elections controversy)
  • Jan 17 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War
  • Jan 22 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die

Around the World in 80 Days

Jan 30 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses), born in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco (d. 1952)
  • Jan 2 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics), born in Vaassen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Jan 2 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • Jan 3 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • Jan 8 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • Jan 9 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • Jan 11 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
  • Jan 15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • Jan 16 Boyd Alexander, English explorer and ornithologist (Niger to the Nile), born in Cranbrook, England (d. 1910)
  • Jan 19 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • Jan 20 Charles A. Ellwood, American sociologist and psychologist, born near Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1946)
  • Jan 20 Johannes V. Jensen, Danish novelist and poet (The Fall of the King; Nobel Prize for Literature, 1944), born in Farsø, North Jutland, Denmark (d. 1950)
  • Jan 29 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian navy officer, explorer and mountaineer (Ruwenzori Range, Uganda; Mount Saint Alias, Yukon), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1933)
  • Jan 30 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, French painter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1939)

Deaths in History

Napoleon IIINapoleon III (1808-1873)

Jan 9 Emperor of France (1852-70), dies at 64

  • Jan 18 Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, English author (b. 1803)
  • Jan 20 The Blessed Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)