On This Day

July 1874 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa
  • Jul 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Michel H. Campen, author and critic (Bikoerim)
  • Jul 3 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)

Person of interestEugen Fischer

Jul 5 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • Jul 7 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Jul 14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • Jul 14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • Jul 24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1917)
  • Jul 25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • Jul 28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • Jul 29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • Jul 29 James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 11 Xavier de Mérode, Belgium minister to the Pope in Rome, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 Fritz Reuter, German novelist, dies at 63