On This Day

October 1877 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 5 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • Oct 9 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • Oct 15 First session of the US 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes in Washington D.C.

Historic Event

Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

  • Oct 22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 8 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Oct 18 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • Oct 25 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 3 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 63
  • Oct 10 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, dies at 76
  • Oct 16 John Zwijsen, archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • Oct 16 Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • Oct 28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)