On This Day

April 1878 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 2 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • Apr 10 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co starts service
  • Apr 15 Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • Apr 21 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • Apr 21 NY installs 1st firehouse pole

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Apr 21 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Apr 21 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • Apr 23 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • Apr 2 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, born in Saint-Etienne, France (d. 1974)
  • Apr 6 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • Apr 7 Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
  • Apr 12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • Apr 15 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, born in Biel (d. 1956)
  • Apr 21 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, born in Sankt Ingbert, Germany (d. 1915)
  • Apr 22 Kitty Gordon, English entertainer, born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1974)
  • Apr 24 Jean Crotti, Swiss-French artist, born in Bulle, Fribourg, Switzerland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), born in Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1938)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • Apr 4 Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)

Person of interestBoss Tweed

Apr 12 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, dies in prison of pneumonia at 55

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • Apr 23 Friedrich Preller, landscape painter, dies
  • Apr 25 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58