On This Day

December 1878 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 1st White House telephone installed
  • Dec 3 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • Dec 9 Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500

Declaration of WarAnglo-Zulu War

Dec 11 Anglo-Zulu War: British high commissioner Henry Bartle Frere presents an ultimatum to the Zulu Kingdom to submit to British rule or face war

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Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
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  • Dec 12 Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • Dec 18 French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • Dec 18 John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania
  • Dec 26 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Dec 28 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
  • Dec 7 Akiko Yosano, Japanese poet (Tangled Hair), born in Sakai, Ōsaka, Japan (d. 1942)
  • Dec 10 C. Rajagopalachari, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India, born in Thorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

Dec 18 Joseph Stalin, Dictator and General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1922-53), born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1953)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish logician and philosopher, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • Dec 23 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • Dec 26 Isaiah Bowman, American geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)
  • Dec 30 William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • Dec 31 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1937)
  • Dec 31 Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, born in Woodbridge, Ontario (d. 1966)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 4 Novelist Bram Stoker (31) weds Florence Balcombe (20) in Dublin, Ireland

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker

Deaths in History

  • Dec 10 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), dies at 72
  • Dec 14 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, dies at 35
  • Dec 19 Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • Dec 25 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, dies