January 1878 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.

Event of Interest

Jan 8 Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley

  • Jan 9 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • Jan 10 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • Jan 14 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional [1]
  • Jan 16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • Jan 24 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg
  • Jan 28 George Coy, Herrick Frost, and Walter Lewis open first commercial telephone exchange, in New Haven, Connecticut [1]
  • Jan 28 Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 4 Alfred Edgar Coppard, English short story writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories), born in Folkestone, England (d. 1957)
  • Jan 4 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • Jan 6 Carl Sandburg, American poet & biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Jan 9 John B. Watson, American psychologist who popularized the scientific theory of behaviorism, born in Travelers Rest, South Carolina (d. 1958)
  • Jan 11 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek general and dictator (1926), born in Salamis, Greece (d. 1952)
  • Jan 12 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian American playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk) and novelist (The Paul Street Boys), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • Jan 13 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist, born in Vaudreuil, Quebec, Canada (d. 1967)
  • Jan 14 Victor Segalen, French naval doctor & writer, born in Brest, France (d. 1919)
  • Jan 18 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician, born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • Jan 23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom), born in Vinica, Črnomelj, Slovenia (d. 1949)
  • Jan 25 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1975) [1]
  • Jan 30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), born in Vetepere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31 Willem van Eysinga, Dutch jurist and diplomat (Paris Peace Conference), born in Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands (d. 1961)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), dies at 73
  • Jan 7 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)

Victor Emmanuel IIVictor Emmanuel II (1820-1878)

Jan 9 King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

  • Jan 18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • Jan 19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • Jan 26 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), dies at 82