On This Day

July 1878 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union
  • Jul 5 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established
  • Jul 7 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9 American inventor Henry Tibbe patents an improved corncob pipe design
  • Jul 12 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • Jul 17 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 26 In California, poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 6 Eino Leino, Finnish poet, born in Paltamo, Finland (d. 1926)
  • Jul 15 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter and graphic artist
  • Jul 19 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Jul 22 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • Jul 24 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), born in London (d. 1957)
  • Jul 29 Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 7 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • Jul 17 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • Jul 21 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, dies at 27
  • Jul 23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • Jul 28 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, dies at 58