March 1878 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • Mar 3 Treaty of San Stefano signed by Russian and Ottoman empires grants independence to Bulgaria after 500 years of Turkish rule
  • Mar 18 City of Anaheim in California incorporates for the 2nd time
  • Mar 24 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • Mar 7 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 14 Carel T. Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Forces of the Future), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1950)

Reza Shah PahlaviReza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944)

Mar 15 Shah of Iran (1925-41), born in Alasht, Savad Kooh, Mazandaran, Persia

  • Mar 16 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 24 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 28 Arthur B. Spingarn, American lawyer and civil rights activist (NAACP cchairman, 1940-65), born in New York City (d. 1971)

Weddings in History

Archibald Primrose

Mar 20 53rd UK Prime Minister Archibald Primrose (31) weds heiress Hannah de Rothschild (27) at the Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London

Deaths in History

  • Mar 3 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, dies at 81
  • Mar 16 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • Mar 20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • Mar 27 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • Mar 27 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

Mark HopkinsMark Hopkins (1813-1878)

Mar 29 American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64