On This Day

August 1879 in History

Events in History

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Aug 4 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • Aug 7 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • Aug 17 Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • Aug 20 Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • Aug 21 The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • Aug 23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 6 Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic, Germany (Stalin Peace Prize), born in Freiburg im Breisgau, German Empire (d. 1956)
  • Aug 8 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • Aug 8 "Dr. Bob" Smith, American physician and co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont (d. 1950)
  • Aug 18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)

Person of interestClaude Grahame-White

Aug 21 Claude Grahame-White, English aviation pioneer who was the 1st to make a night flight, born in Bursledon, England (d. 1959)

Aviation Pioneer Claude Grahame-White
Aviation Pioneer
Claude Grahame-White
  • Aug 31 Yoshihito [Taishō], 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), born in Akasaka Palace, Tokyo City, Japan (d. 1926)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 3 Joseph Severn, English painter (b. 1793)
  • Aug 8 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, dies at 83
  • Aug 27 Rowland Hill, English inventor who introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840), dies at 84
  • Aug 30 John B Hood, confederate general (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • Aug 31 William Barber, 6th US chief engraver (1844-79), dies