On This Day

March 1879 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Library of Hawaii founded
  • Mar 3 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • Mar 3 US Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
  • Mar 23 War of the Pacific fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia a landlocked country.
  • Mar 27 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Bernhard Kellermann, German writer (Der Tunnel), born in Fürth, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Mar 5 Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • Mar 8 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • Mar 8 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Mar 11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

Albert Einstein

Mar 14 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist famous for his theory of relativity and E = mc2 (1921 Nobel Prize for Physics), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

  • Mar 15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)

Cluny MacPherson

Mar 18 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland (d. 1966)

  • Mar 20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 26 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer (George Washington Bridge; Walt Whitman Bridge; Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Edward Steichen, American photographer (Family of Man), born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician, dies at 54
  • Mar 2 John Eberhard Faber, German-American pencil manufacturer and built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US, dies at 56
  • Mar 30 David van der Kellen, Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • Mar 30 Thomas Couture, French painter/author, dies at 63